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This paper describes a fast and fully automatic method for liver vessel segmentation on computerized tomography scan preoperative images. The basis of this method is the introduction of a 3-D geometrical moment-based detector of cylindrical shapes within the minimum-cut/maximum-flow energy minimization framework. This method represents an original way to(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the histologic effects and clinical outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) delivered by miniaturized annular transducers for ciliary body coagulation in an animal study. METHODS Eighteen eyes of 18 rabbits were insonified with a ring comprising a six-sector transducer, to produce a 12.8-mm-diameter circular lesion. Six(More)
This letter describes a temperature-varying attenuation approach for preoperative planning of high intensity ultrasound interstitial targeted therapy. Such approach is mainly aimed at the treatment of primary liver cancer for which a precise lesion control must be achieved. It is shown through simulation that the shape and size of the resulting necrotic(More)
A platform to study ultrasound as a source for wireless energy transfer and communication for implanted medical devices is described. A tank is used as a container for a pair of electroacoustic transducers, where a control unit is fixed to one wall of the tank and a transponder can be manually moved in three axes and rotate using a mechanical system. The(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relative safety and potential efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound cyclocoagulation by a miniaturized annular device containing six piezoceramic transducers in patients with refractory glaucoma. METHODS This was a three-center prospective interventional pilot study. Twelve eyes of 12 patients with refractory glaucoma were(More)
Image-guided thermal ablation offers minimally invasive options for treating hepatocellular carcinoma and colorectal metastases in liver. Here, the feasibility and the potential benefit of active temperature control for MR-guided percutaneous ultrasound ablation was investigated in pig liver. An MR-compatible interstitial ultrasound applicator (flat(More)
A study on ultrasound link for wireless energy transmission dedicated to deeply implanted medical devices is presented. The selection of the frequency to avoid biological side effects (e.g., cavitations), the choice of the power amplifier to drive the external transducers and the design of the rectifier to maximize the energy extraction from the implanted(More)
  • Gérard Fleury, Rémi Berriet, Jean, Yves Chapelon, Gail Ter Haar, Cyril Lafon +4 others
  • 2005
In contrast with most ultrasound modalities for medical applications, (especially ultrasound imaging), High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) involves technologies and procedures which may present risk to the patient. These risks, resulting from the high power levels required for effective therapy, should be taken into account at the earliest stages in(More)
OBJECT The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a major impediment to the intracerebral diffusion of drugs used in the treatment of gliomas. Previous studies have demonstrated that pulsed focused ultrasound (US) in conjunction with a microbubble contrast agent can be used to open the BBB. To apply the US-induced opening of the BBB in clinical practice, the authors(More)
OBJECT The blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits the intracerebral penetration of drugs and brain tumor treatment efficacy. The effect of ultrasound-induced BBB opening on the intracerebral concentration of temozolomide (TMZ) and irinotecan (CPT-11) was assessed. METHODS This study was performed using 34 healthy New Zealand rabbits. Half had unilateral BBB(More)