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This paper describes a fast and fully automatic method for liver vessel segmentation on computerized tomography scan preoperative images. The basis of this method is the introduction of a 3-D geometrical moment-based detector of cylindrical shapes within the minimum-cut/maximum-flow energy minimization framework. This method represents an original way to(More)
This letter describes a temperature-varying attenuation approach for preoperative planning of high intensity ultrasound interstitial targeted therapy. Such approach is mainly aimed at the treatment of primary liver cancer for which a precise lesion control must be achieved. It is shown through simulation that the shape and size of the resulting necrotic(More)
Ultrasound speckle is a granular texture pattern appearing in ultrasound imaging. It can be used to distinguish tissues and identify pathologies. Lorentz force electrical impedance tomography is an ultrasound-based medical imaging technique of the tissue electrical conductivity. It is based on the application of an ultrasound wave in a medium placed in a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relative safety and potential efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound cyclocoagulation by a miniaturized annular device containing six piezoceramic transducers in patients with refractory glaucoma. METHODS This was a three-center prospective interventional pilot study. Twelve eyes of 12 patients with refractory glaucoma were(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the histologic effects and clinical outcomes of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) delivered by miniaturized annular transducers for ciliary body coagulation in an animal study. METHODS Eighteen eyes of 18 rabbits were insonified with a ring comprising a six-sector transducer, to produce a 12.8-mm-diameter circular lesion. Six(More)
A platform to study ultrasound as a source for wireless energy transfer and communication for implanted medical devices is described. A tank is used as a container for a pair of electroacoustic transducers, where a control unit is fixed to one wall of the tank and a transponder can be manually moved in three axes and rotate using a mechanical system. The(More)
Image-guided thermal ablation offers minimally invasive options for treating hepatocellular carcinoma and colorectal metastases in liver. Here, the feasibility and the potential benefit of active temperature control for MR-guided percutaneous ultrasound ablation was investigated in pig liver. An MR-compatible interstitial ultrasound applicator (flat(More)
A study on ultrasound link for wireless energy transmission dedicated to deeply implanted medical devices is presented. The selection of the frequency to avoid biological side effects (e.g., cavitations), the choice of the power amplifier to drive the external transducers and the design of the rectifier to maximize the energy extraction from the implanted(More)
OBJECT The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a major impediment to the intracerebral diffusion of drugs used in the treatment of gliomas. Previous studies have demonstrated that pulsed focused ultrasound (US) in conjunction with a microbubble contrast agent can be used to open the BBB. To apply the US-induced opening of the BBB in clinical practice, the authors(More)