Cynthia Spies

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The major purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between change in strategies of preparation for examination and attributions, perceived success, and performance. Prior to each of three examinations in the course, 229 undergraduate students in introductory sociology and psychology were asked their expected score/grade. Change in(More)
BACKGROUND Most nurse educators regard students who enter postgraduate studies as adult learners capable of self-direction and independent learner behaviour. Therefore, a mismatch between the nurse educator's expectation of adult learners and actual adult learner conduct may result in disappointment and even frustration for both educator and learner. (More)
The present study sought to explore Weiner's model of attribution-affect linkage using nondichotomized measures of both objective and subjective success, in a real achievement context. Contrary to expectation, attributional internality related more strongly to objective than to perceived success on three course examinations. Affectivity, as expected,(More)
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