Cynthia S Hogeman

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BACKGROUND Exercise intolerance in heart failure (HF) may be due to inadequate vasodilation, augmented vasoconstriction, and/or altered muscle metabolic responses that lead to fatigue. METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular and metabolic responses to rhythmic forearm exercise were tested in 9 HF patients and 9 control subjects (CTL) during 2 protocols designed to(More)
To test the hypothesis that head-down-tilt bed rest (HDBR) for 14 days alters vascular reactivity to vasodilatory and vasoconstrictor stimuli, the reactive hyperemic forearm blood flow (RHBF, measured by venous occlusion plethysmography) and mean arterial pressure (MAP, measured by Finapres) responses after 10 min of circulatory arrest were measured in a(More)
BACKGROUND Blood flow limitation to exercising muscles engages the muscle reflex during exercise, evoking an increase in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). METHODS AND RESULTS In the current study, we examined forearm flow and autonomic responses to ischemic handgrip in young and older subjects. We studied(More)
We measured brachial and femoral artery flow velocity in eight subjects and peroneal and median muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in five subjects during tilt testing to 40 degrees. Tilt caused similar increases in MSNA in the peroneal and median nerves. Tilt caused a fall in femoral artery flow velocity, whereas no changes in flow velocity were seen(More)
Bed rest reduces orthostatic tolerance. Despite decades of study, the cause of this phenomenon remains unclear. In this report we examined hemodynamic and sympathetic nerve responses to graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) before and after 24 h of bed rest. LBNP allows for baroreceptor disengagement in a graded fashion. We measured heart rate (HR),(More)
Sympathetic nerve activity and arterial pressure are frequently elevated in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The mechanisms responsible for chronic sympathetic activation and hypertension in OSA are unknown. To determine whether repetitive apneas raise sympathetic nerve activity and/or arterial pressure, awake and healthy young subjects(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine hemodynamic responses to graded muscle reflex engagement in human subjects. We studied seven healthy human volunteers [24 +/- 2 (SE) yr old; 4 men, 3 women] performing rhythmic handgrip exercise [40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] during ambient and positive pressure exercise (+10 to +50 mmHg in 10-mmHg(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine upper and lower limb vasoconstrictor responses to changes in transmural pressure in humans. Brachial and femoral blood mean blood velocity (MBV) and vessel diameter (Doppler ultrasound) were measured in 20 supine healthy subjects (10 men and 10 women; 27 +/- 1 yr; mean +/- SE) during four levels of limb suction at(More)
The myogenic response, the inherent ability of blood vessels to rapidly respond to changes in transmural pressure, is involved in local blood flow autoregulation. Animal studies suggest that both acute hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia may impair myogenic vasoconstriction. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an oral glucose load on(More)
The extent to which sympathetic nerve activity restrains metabolic vasodilation in skeletal muscle remains unclear. We determined forearm blood flow (FBF; ultrasound/Doppler) and vascular conductance (FVC) responses to 10 min of ischemia [reactive hyperemic blood flow (RHBF)] and 10 min of systemic hypoxia (inspired O(2) fraction = 0.1) before and after(More)