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BACKGROUND A Community health assessment (CHA) involves the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in conjunction with other software to analyze health and population data and perform numerical-spatial problem solving. There has been little research on identifying how public health professionals integrate this software during typical problem solving(More)
The rapid proliferation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) has made computerization increasingly useful to clinicians. Computerization, however, requires transformation of the content and logic of each guideline into a computer-accessible form. In this project, we sought to use a relational database to construct a generalized guideline knowledge base(More)
As health care organizations dramatically increase investment in information technology (IT) and the scope of their IT projects, implementation failures become critical events. Implementation failures cause stress on clinical units, increase risk to patients, and result in massive costs that are often not recoverable. At an estimated 28% success rate, the(More)
The MidSouth eHealth Alliances health information exchange in Memphis, Tennessee provides access to data on almost 1 million individuals. The effort is the product of a comprehensive, integrated approach to technology and policy that emphasizes patient-centered use, low-cost, flexibility, and rigorous privacy and confidentiality policies and practices It is(More)
Detrimental effects on physician-patient rapport are an often-voiced concern regarding the impacts of implementing an EMR in busy outpatient healthcare environments. Our objectives in this study were to: 1) identify significant concerns of physicians regarding implementation of an EMR in an outpatient clinic, both prior to implementation and after 6 months(More)
INTRODUCTION Evaluations of computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSS) typically focus on clinical performance changes and do not include social, organizational, and contextual characteristics explaining use and effectiveness. Studies of CDSS for intensive insulin therapy (IIT) are no exception, and the literature lacks an understanding of(More)
PURPOSE Computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) for intensive insulin therapy (IIT) are increasingly common. However, recent studies question IIT's safety and mortality benefit. Researchers have identified factors influencing IIT performance, but little is known about how workflow affects computer-based IIT. We used ethnographic methods to(More)
A pre- and post-implementation assessment of physician attitudes was undertaken as part of the evaluation of the pilot implementations of an outpatient EMR in 6 practices of a large academic health system. Our results show that these physicians are ready adopters of computer technology when it demonstrates value-added for the effort required to use it.(More)
Health information exchange (HIE) systems are large, multimillion dollar efforts that are implemented despite initial institutional apprehension, with largely unanticipated effects on the clinical workflow, and with a primary goal of establishing a reason to sustain the effort. Traditional evaluation methods that rely on viewing HIE as generalizable tools(More)
The MidSouth e-Health Alliance is a health information exchange that has been in use in the Memphis, Tennessee region since May, 2006. This health information exchange took two years to develop from the time it was initially conceived. Following on the work done by the Indianapolis project, the MidSouth e-Health Alliance focused initially on implementations(More)