Cynthia Russell

Learn More
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive medication non-adherence is one of the most prevalent but preventable causes of poor outcomes in adult renal transplant recipients, yet there is a paucity of studies testing interventions in this area. METHODS Using a randomized controlled trial design, 30 adult renal transplant recipients were screened for medication(More)
The reasons that persons with chronic illness explore complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have not been well understood. Using data from a study of self-care decision making in chronic illness, we conducted a qualitative secondary analysis to interpret the rationale underlying decisions to experiment with and use various CAM practices and products.(More)
This study examined patterns, potential predictors, and outcomes of immunosuppressive medication adherence in a convenience sample of 121 kidney transplant recipients aged 21 yr or older from three kidney transplant centers using a theory-based, descriptive, correlational, longitudinal design. Electronic monitoring was conducted for 12 months using(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this article is to highlight the substantive changes and enhancements between the 4th edition and new 5th edition of the so that modifications and enhancements are more easily incorporated into the reader's writing and editing practice. APPROACH The 4th and new 5th editions of the were compared and substantive changes are(More)
PURPOSE To describe the medication-taking beliefs of younger and older adult renal transplant recipients. METHOD A descriptive design was used to study 16 adult renal transplant recipients, 8 older and 8 younger, recruited from a renal transplant program in the midwest. A semistructured interview was conducted based on the theory of planned behavior. Data(More)
Reports of interventions to improve adherence to medical regimens in solid organ transplant recipients are scarce. A systematic review identified 12 intervention studies. These studies focused on renal, heart, and liver transplant recipients. Five reports used randomized controlled trial (RCT) designs. Sample sizes varied between 18 and 110 subjects. The(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the effectiveness of interventions to improve medication adherence (MA) in older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS Meta-analysis was used to synthesize results of 33 published and unpublished randomized controlled trials. Random-effects models were used to estimate overall mean effect sizes (ESs) for MA, knowledge, health(More)
As health care reform strategists increasingly recognize the critically important potential of effective everyday self-care decision making for reducing the burden of illness and the strain on health service systems, we must find ways to understand and support it. In this study, the authors investigate persons with expertise in self-care management of type(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine interventions and outcomes of medication compliance studies in older adults. METHODS An integrated review of randomized controlled trials was completed. RESULTS Thirty-one of 57 studies reported significantly greater medication compliance in treatment subjects versus control subjects. Interventions included counseling, education,(More)