Cynthia R. Ellis

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Fifty children and adolescents were tested for their ability to recognize the 6 basic facial expressions of emotion depicted in Ekman and Friesen's normed photographs. Subjects were presented with sets of 6 photographs of faces, each portraying a different basic emotion, and stories portraying those emotions were read to them. After each story, the subject(More)
We present a brief historical overview of the prevalence studies of psychotropic drugs in individuals with mental retardation that were published between 1966 and 1985, and a more comprehensive review of the prevalence studies from 1986 to 1995. During the 1966 to 1985 period, typical prevalence rates of drug treatments in institutions (children and adults(More)
The prescription rates of clonidine have risen dramatically and the extent to which these increases can be attributed to treatment of sleep disturbance is unknown. Surveys were mailed to 800 pediatricians across four geographically diverse states to assess prescribing practices specific to sleep disturbance. Ninety-six percent of the respondents treated(More)
We indirectly determined how children with mental retardation analyze facial identity and facial expression, and if these analyses of identity and expression were controlled by independent cognitive processes. In a reaction time study, 20 children with mild mental retardation were required to determine if simultaneously presented photographs of pairs of(More)
Dysfunction of the serotonergic system has been implicated in the development and maintenance of self-injury in some persons with mental retardation. Several preliminary reports have suggested that fluoxetine, a drug that blocks the reuptake of serotonin, may decrease self-injury in these individuals. Of the 44 cases of self-injury treated with fluoxetine(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of buspirone in controlling self-injurious behavior was examined in five individuals with mental retardation. Buspirone was used alone in two individuals and as an adjunct to thioridazine in the other three. METHOD Standard behavioral observation methods were used to collect data on the number of self-injurious responses of the(More)
Children and adults with mental retardation were tested on their ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion. The sample consisted of 80 children and adults with mental retardation and a control group of 80 nonhandicapped children matched on mental age and gender. Ekman and Friesen's normed photographs of the six basic emotions (anger, disgust, fear,(More)
Pediatric school psychology is a relatively new subspecialty in the field; however, few specific, prescribed roles have been articulated, and fewer have yielded preliminary efficacy data. In this exploratory study, the acceptability and potential efficacy of conjoint behavioral consultation (CBC) as a model for linking families, schools, and pediatric(More)
Professional staff in four state facilities for individuals with mental retardation were surveyed to determine their perceptions, knowledge and opinions regarding the use of psychotropic medication. A large majority of the 377 respondents indicated that the physicians in their facilities were primarily responsible for medication-related decisions. Under(More)
The assessment and diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in individuals with mental retardation has been a neglected area of research. However, current research indicates that these individuals suffer from the same range of psychiatric disorders that is evident in those who are not mentally retarded. A model of assessment and diagnosis of mental illness in(More)