Cynthia M. Estrada-Zúñiga

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Programming of the nutritional and hormonal status of offspring occurs mostly during the gestational and breastfeeding periods. Several studies have reported that breastfed children are more protected from developing obesity in adult life; however, the mechanism that explains this phenomenon is not clear. We undertook this study to(More)
BACKGROUND Weight gain in infancy depends on in utero nutritional status, with postnatal growth also dependent on feeding practices, culture, food accessibility and parents' education. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between umbilical cord blood leptin levels and feeding mode (breast-fed vs. formula) on weight gain at three months of life. (More)
BACKGROUND Assays based on multiplex immunoassay (MIA) technology have demonstrated advantages over enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and radioimmunoassay (RIA). Its acceptance depends on how well it performs in comparison to older techniques. The aim is to compare the results of leptin using RIA versus MIA. METHODS We analyzed 81 samples of(More)
OBJECTIVE Most adipose tissue programming is realized in early life. Also, the postnatal three months, rather than the later phases of infancy, may be more relevant in the development of an adverse cardiometabolic risk profile. The adipokines phenotype, as a predictor of early-life weight gain, has been recently explored in cord blood. To determine whether(More)
In the development of the foetal immune system, cytokines play an important role in its function. Therefore, we sought to determine whether the mode of delivery affects the expression of leptin, IL-6 and TNF-α in umbilical cord blood in healthy term newborns. We collected 125 samples of umbilical cord blood to analyse leptin, IL-6 y TNF-α levels with(More)
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