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Necrosis and vascular proliferation are the pathologic features that distinguish the most malignant infiltrative astrocytoma, glioblastoma (GBM), from those of lower grades. In GBM, hypercellular zones called pseudopalisades typically surround necrotic foci. Although these cells are known to secrete high levels of proangiogenic factors that promote tumor(More)
Binding of F-actin to spectrin-actin-depleted erythrocyte membrane inside-out vesicles was measured using [3H]F-actin. F-actin binding to vesicles at 25 degrees C was stimulated 5-10 fold by addition of spectrin dimers or tetramers to vesicles. Spectrin tetramer was twice as effective as dimer in stimulating actin binding, but neither tetramer nor dimer(More)
Rabbit erythrocytes of progressively increasing age were isolated using an avidin-biotin affinity technique and the activity of protein kinases and other enzymes was analyzed in cytosols and membranes from the isolated cells. The activities of cytosolic protein kinase C (PKC), cAMP-dependent kinase (PKA), and casein kinase type I and II (CKI and II) were(More)
PURPOSE Melanoma is the most common cause of death from cutaneous malignancy, and is the cancer that is most rapidly rising in incidence. Because current therapeutic methods for metastatic melanoma are poorly efficacious, enhanced understanding of signal transduction in melanoma progression is warranted. Prior experimental studies in murine models and human(More)
Two primary and two metastatic cell lines with distinct phenotypes and genotypes have been established from a patient diagnosed as having infiltrating and intraductal mammary carcinoma (21T series). All four lines can be cultured in the same medium, DFCI-1, which also supports long-term growth of normal epithelial cells. Therefore, we have been able to(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular malformations and hemangiomas, which are endothelial lesions of childhood, may result in considerable morbidity because they can cause discomfort and functional impairment and have a negative affect on the patient's appearance. Although vascular malformations may initially appear very similar to hemangiomas, they have distinct clinical(More)
In the normal rodent breast, the pineal hormone melatonin controls the development of ductal and alveolar tissue. Melatonin counteracts tumor occurrence and tumor cell progression in vivo and in vitro in animal and human breast cancer cell cultures. It acts predominantly through its melatonin MT1 receptor. Our aim was to investigate the presence or absence(More)
Tumor cells often appear in a deviant differentiated stage, and dedifferentiation is a hallmark of malignancy; however, the causative mechanism of the global changes in dedifferentiation is not understood. The GATA transcription factors function in cell lineage specification during embryonic development and organ formation. The transcriptional targets of(More)