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The mechanisms causing the impaired regenerative response to injury observed in skeletal muscle of old animals are unknown. Satellite cells, stem cell descendants within adult skeletal muscle, are the primary source of regenerating muscle fibers. Apoptosis may be a mechanism responsible for the depletion of satellite cells in old animals. This work tested(More)
A population of neonatal mouse keratinocytes (epidermal basal cells) was obtained by gentle, short-term trypsin separation of the epidermal and dermal skin compartments and discontinuous Ficoll gradient purification of the resulting epidermal cells. Over 4--6 wk of culture growth at 32--33 degrees C, the primary cultures formed a complete monolayer that(More)
A procedure measuring the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and polyamine formation of intact neonatal mouse epidermal cells in culture has been developed and tested. Basal cells prepared from neonatal mouse epidermis were plated on round 15-mm Lux coverslips, placed in Costar 24 well culture clusters and grown at 32°C in M-199 + 13% fetal bovine(More)
Primary keratinocyte cultures free of dermal fibroblasts were used to investigate the effect of varying cyclic AMP (CAMP) concentrations on epidermal cell function. Addition of lo-‘, lo-’ or 10m5 M dibutyryl CAMP to plated cells (day I) results by day 5 in a dose dependent increase of [3H]TdR incorporation into DNA as determined by increases in both the(More)
The possibility that phospholipid deacylation may be a critical event in the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-associated effects on mouse skin prompted us to examine in vitro the effects of TPA on arachidonic acid metabolism in neonatal mouse keratinocytes. Three-day old neonatal keratinocytes were prelabeled with [14C]arachidonic acid ([14C]AA)(More)
Capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide), the active principle of capsicum fruits, such as hot peppers, is a known inhibitor of substance P. This substance was also found to be a potent in vitro inhibitor of human and murine epidermal metabolism of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) and the enzyme-mediated binding of BP metabolites to DNA. In both untreated and(More)
A problem maxillofacial surgeons face is a lack of sufficient autogenous oral mucosa for reconstruction of the oral cavity. Split-thickness or oral mucosa grafts require more than one surgical procedure and can result in donor site morbidity. Skin has disadvantages of adnexal structures and a different keratinization pattern than oral mucosa. In this study,(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the optimal stage of development at which transplant human ex vivo-produced oral mucosa equivalents (EVPOMEs) in vivo. EVPOMEs were generated in a serum-free culture system, without the use of an irradiated xenogeneic feeder layer, by seeding human oral keratinocytes onto a human cadaveric dermal equivalent, AlloDerm.(More)
Peripheral motor nerve trauma severely compromises skeletal muscle contractile function. Satellite cells respond to denervation by dividing multiple times, ultimately fusing with other satellite cells or myocytes to form new muscle fibers. After chronic denervation, satellite cell numbers decline dramatically, impairing the ability to regenerate and repair(More)