Cynthia L. Murray-Gulde

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Laboratory studies of algicide toxicity to algal species provide information to improve the efficacy and efficiency of copper-containing algicides in actual field situations. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the influence of copper form, initial concentration, and duration of exposure on the response of Raphidocelis subcapitata, a planktonic(More)
This study was done to characterize responses of Ceriodaphnia dubia Richard and Pimephales promelas Rafinesque exposed to aqueous solutions of chlorothalonil (tetrachloroisophthalonitrile) and chlorpyrifos (O,O-diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate). Chlorothalonil (a fungicide) and chlorpyrifos (an insecticide) are intensely used in(More)
Chlorpyrifos (an insecticide) and chlorothalonil (a fungicide) are transported in stormwater runoff and can be lethal to receiving aquatic system biota. This study determined removal rates of chlorpyrifos and chlorothalonil in simulated stormwater runoff treated in constructed wetland mesocosms. Using sentinel species, Ceriodaphnia dubia and Pimephales(More)
Chlorothalonil is a commonly used fungicide in rural and urban environments and can be incidentally introduced into aquatic systems through rainfall runoff or direct overspray and drift from aerial applications. Few studies have been published regarding risks to aquatic organisms exposed to chlorothalonil, so this study was performed to provide a(More)
Using constructed wetlands, produced waters from oil fields (i.e., waters that have been in contact with oil in situ) can be treated to enhance water quality for irrigation purposes, or subsequent discharge to receiving aquatic systems. In produced water containing elevated levels of salt (i.e., brackish-produced waters), the ability to decrease the(More)
Published literature has indicated that when properly designed and maintained, constructed wetlands provide predictable water-quality improvement. However, because of the complexity or heterogeneity of wastewaters and the lack of quality data (both temporal and spatial) currently available from full-scale constructed wetland treatment systems, many(More)
A specifically designed constructed wetland decreased copper concentrations in a wastestream to 22 microg Cu/L and eliminated associated toxicity. Metal toxicity is a function of both concentration and form. This research measured copper partitioning to ligands within the wetland and observed changes in copper form with regard to bioavailability. Average(More)
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