Cynthia L. Hemenway

Learn More
Many scientists, if not all, feel that their particular plant virus should appear in any list of the most important plant viruses. However, to our knowledge, no such list exists. The aim of this review was to survey all plant virologists with an association with Molecular Plant Pathology and ask them to nominate which plant viruses they would place in a(More)
Potato virus X (PVX) infection leads to certain cytopathological modifications of the host endomembrane system. The subcellular location of the PVX replicase was previously unknown while the PVX TGBp3 protein was previously reported to reside in the ER. Using PVX infectious clones expressing the green fluorescent protein reporter, and antisera detecting the(More)
The putative subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) promoter regions upstream of the potato virus X (PVX) triple block and coat protein (CP) genes contain sequences common to other potexviruses. The importance of these sequences to PVX sgRNA accumulation was determined by inoculation of Nicotiana tabacum NT1 cell suspension protoplasts with transcripts derived from(More)
The 5' region of Potato virus X (PVX) RNA containing an AC-rich single-stranded region and stem-loop 1 (SL1) has been shown to be important for PVX replication (Miller, E.D., Plante, C.A., Kim, K.-H., Brown, J.W., Hemenway, C., 1998. Stem-loop structure in the 5' region of potato virus X genome required for plus-strand RNA accumulation. J. Mol. Biol. 284,(More)
The first open reading frame (ORF 1) of potato virus X (PVX) encodes a putative replicase gene. Transgenic tobacco lines expressing ORF 1 are resistant to PVX infection when inoculated with either PVX or PVX RNA. Analyses of lines containing various portions of the ORF 1 gene demonstrated that resistance is conferred to plants by expressing approximately(More)
A template-dependent RNA polymerase has been used to determine the sequence elements in the 3' untranslated region of tobacco mosaic virus RNA that are required for promotion of minus-strand RNA synthesis and binding to the RNA polymerase in vitro. Regions which were important for minus-strand synthesis were domain D1, which is equivalent to a tRNA acceptor(More)
Computer-generated thermodynamic predictions and solution structure probing indicated two stem-loop structures, stem-loop 1 (SL1; nt 32-106) and stem-loop 2 (SL2; nt 143-183), within the 5' 230 nt of potato virus X (PVX) RNA. Because the existence of SL1 was further supported by covariation analysis of several PVX strains, the functional significance of(More)
A tobacco protoplast system was developed to analyze cis-acting sequences required for potato virus X (PVX) replication. Protoplasts inoculated with transcripts derived from a PVX cDNA clone or from clones containing mutations in their 5' nontranslated regions (NTRs) were assayed for RNA production by S1 nuclease protection assays. A time course of plus-(More)
Conserved octanucleotide sequences located upstream of two major potato virus X (PVX) subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs), as well as elements in the 5' end of the genome, affect accumulation of sgRNA. To determine if complementarity between these sequences is important for PVX RNA accumulation, we analyzed the effects of mutations within these elements and(More)
The sequences in the 5'-nontranslated region (NTR) of Potato virus X (PVX) genomic RNA were previously reported to contain several regulatory elements that are required for genomic and subgenomic RNA accumulation. To investigate whether cellular proteins bind to these elements, we conducted electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) with protoplast(More)