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Schistosomiasis remains a largely neglected, global health problem. The morbid pathology of the disease stems from the host's inflammatory response to parasite eggs trapped in host tissues. Long term host/parasite survival is dependent upon the successful modulation of the acute pathological response, which is induced by egg antigens. In this study, using(More)
Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are abundant RNA-binding proteins that are implicated in splicing regulation. Here we investigate the role of a Drosophila hnRNP in splicing regulation in living animals. We find that overexpression of the Drosophila hnRNP HRB98DE leads to skipping of all internal exons in the Drosophila dopa decarboxylase(More)
Grass lignins contain substantial amounts of p-coumarate (pCA) that acylate the side-chains of the phenylpropanoid polymer backbone. An acyltransferase, named p-coumaroyl-CoA:monolignol transferase (OsPMT), that could acylate monolignols with pCA in vitro was recently identified from rice. In planta, such monolignol-pCA conjugates become incorporated into(More)
The major nuclear ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) involved in pre-mRNA processing are classified in broad terms either as small nuclear RNPs (snRNPs), which are major participants in the splicing reaction, or heterogeneous nuclear RNPs (hnRNPs), which traditionally have been thought to function in general pre-mRNA packaging. We obtained antibodies that recognize(More)
Thioredoxin glutathione reductase from Schistosoma mansoni (SmTGR) catalyzes the reduction of both thioredoxin and glutathione disulfides (GSSG), thus playing a crucial role in maintaining redox homeostasis in the parasite. In line with this role, previous studies have demonstrated that SmTGR is a promising drug target for schistosomiasis. To aid in the(More)
The phenylpropanoid pathway in plants synthesizes a variety of structural and defence compounds, and is an important target in efforts to reduce cell wall lignin for improved biomass conversion to biofuels. Little is known concerning the trade-offs in grasses when perturbing the function of the first gene family in the pathway, PHENYLALANINE AMMONIA LYASE(More)
Triacylglycerol (TAG) is a storage lipid used for food purposes and as a renewable feedstock for biodiesel production. WRINKLED1 (WRI1) is a transcription factor that governs fatty acid (FA) synthesis and, indirectly, TAG accumulation in oil-storing plant tissues, and its ectopic expression has led to TAG accumulation in vegetative tissues of different(More)
Abstract: Schistosomiasis is a major neglected tropical disease that currently affects over 200 million people and leads to over 200,000 annual deaths. Schistosoma mansoni parasites survive in humans in part because of a set of antioxidant enzymes that continuously degrade reactive oxygen species produced by the host. A principal component of this defense(More)
Schistosomiasis affects over 200 million people worldwide, with over 200,000 deaths annually. Currently, praziquantel is the only drug available against schistosomiasis. We report here that Schistosoma mansoni farnesyl diphosphate synthase (SmFPPS) and geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (SmGGPPS) are potential drug targets for the treatment of(More)
Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) has emerged as a useful model system for studying traits unique to graminaceous species including bioenergy crop grasses owing to its amenability to laboratory experimentation and the availability of extensive genetic and germplasm resources. Considerable natural variation has been uncovered for a variety of traits(More)