Cynthia K Kirkwood

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Zolpidem modified-release (MR) is the first hypnotic agent to be marketed in an extended-release formulation. Zolpidem MR is a two-layered, biphasic release tablet indicated for the management of induction of sleep and sleep maintenance. The pharmacokinetics of the drug are similar to those of immediate-release zolpidem. Two double-blind,(More)
Insomnia is a common sleep complaint in the elderly. The safety and efficacy of eszopiclone, a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic, in elderly patients with chronic insomnia has been established in two 2-week and one 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Eszopiclone 1 mg was effective in reducing sleep latency. Eszopiclone 2 mg was effective(More)
BACKGROUND A pattern of postural deformity was observed in a previous study that included an association between direction of spinal curvature and direction of windsweeping with more windswept deformities occurring to the right and lateral spinal curvatures occurring convex to the left. The direction of this pattern was found to be associated with preferred(More)
Information about drug abuse and dependence from package inserts of centrally acting drugs was evaluated for content. Of the 77 labels reviewed, 40 were opiate agonists, 18 were stimulants, and the remainder fell into other selected categories. The amount of information ranged from 0-66 sentences, with greatest variability found in the opiate agonists(More)
In this pilot study, we compared the economic impact of paroxetine and imipramine treatment of depressed outpatients from a university teaching hospital and a community mental health center. A 12-month retrospective chart review of patients was performed. Clinical outcomes including clinic usage, death, relapse, function, adverse effects, psychiatrist(More)
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