Cynthia H. McCollough

Wayne L. Miller2
Andrew N Primak2
Eric E. Williamson2
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OBJECTIVES To assess the accuracy of dual-energy CT (DECT) for diagnosing gout, and to explore whether it can have any impact on clinical decision making beyond the established diagnostic approach using polarising microscopy of synovial fluid (diagnostic yield). METHODS Diagnostic single-centre study of 40 patients with active gout, and 41 individuals(More)
In spiral computed tomography (CT), dose is always inversely proportional to pitch. However, the relationship between noise and pitch (and hence noise and dose) depends on the scanner type (single vs multi-detector row) and reconstruction mode (cardiac vs noncardiac). In single detector row spiral CT, noise is independent of pitch. Conversely, in noncardiac(More)
This document presents recommendations of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) for quality assurance of computed-tomography- (CT) simulators and CT-simulation process. This report was prepared by Task Group No. 66 of the AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee. It was approved by the Radiation Therapy Committee and by the AAPM Science Council.
Metallic implants may cause severe artifacts in CT exams. Suppression of metal artifacts remains to be a very challenging problem, in which metal region segmentation is one of the most important steps. We proposed a novel, semiautomatic segmentation algorithm based on the dual-front active contour model and the boundary mapping strategy to detect the metal(More)
This work assesses the temporal resolution of dual-source computed tomography (CT) in a visually intuitive manner. Exploiting the principles of ring artifact creation, a phantom containing a highly attenuating delta function signal (a wire) was rotated at the same speed as the gantry, creating a partial ring artifact where the angular extent of the artifact(More)
Although physical metrics can objectively characterize computed tomography (CT) image quality, quantitative approaches to predict human observer performance are more accurate and clinically relevant. This study compared a modified channelized Hotelling model observer (CHO) with human observers in a shape discrimination task. Eight lesion-mimicking rods (two(More)
Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) has recently been suggested as the imaging modality of choice for kidney stones due to its ability to provide information on stone composition. Standard postprocessing of the dual-energy images accurately identifies uric acid stones, but not other types. Cystine stones can be identified from DECT images when analyzed(More)
PURPOSE To assess the z-axis resolution improvement and dose reduction potential achieved using a z-axis deconvolution technique with iterative reconstruction (IR) relative to filtered backprojection (FBP) images created with the use of a z-axis comb filter. METHODS Each of three phantoms were scanned with two different acquisition modes: (1) an ultrahigh(More)
Intramyocardial microvessels show functional changes in early stages of atherosclerosis prior to epicardial coronary artery stenosis. However, clinical CT does not have adequate spatial resolution to resolve the microvessels. To clinically detect changes in the function of the intramyocardial microcirculation, the spatial heterogeneity of the distribution(More)