Cynthia D. Green

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Transient transfection experiments in which three different estrogen response element-containing reporter genes were cotransfected into HeLa cells, together with constitutively expressed estrogen receptor (ER) constructs, demonstrate that activation of the transcription of the reporter genes by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and by cholera toxin with(More)
A cDNA library has been constructed from the poly(A)+ mRNA of oestrogen-stimulated ZR-75-1 human breast cancer cells. Screening by differential hybridization has identified eight clones which are stimulated between 4- and 16-fold by oestrogen. Two clones (pLIV-1) that are stimulated 4-fold, hybridize to three different mRNA species. A further five(More)
The response of two endogenous, estrogen-induced genes, LIV-1 and pS2, to growth factor stimulation of MCF-7 cells was examined. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were each able to induce an increase in the two mRNAs in the absence of estradiol, and their effects were(More)
An agent with the properties of a retrovirus has been detected regularly in monocytes from patients with breast cancer. In 97% of breast cancer patients the cell-free culture medium (CFCM) in which the monocytes had been cultured possessed reverse transcriptase (RT) activity. In contrast, RT activity was detected in the CFCM from only 11% of age and sex(More)
The large ATP synthase gene cluster in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) plastids encodes four of the six chloroplast-encoded ATP synthase subunits. Expression of this cluster was examined to determine its response to light-induced plastid development. Spinach plastid transcripts were isolated from etiolated tissues, etiolated tissues exposed to 24 h of light,(More)
The level of oestrogen-responsive gene expression in breast tumours has been proposed as a predictor of the response of the tumour to endocrine (anti-oestrogen) therapy. We demonstrate that different oestrogen-responsive genes may differ in their responses to other hormones. pLIV-1 and pS2 are two oestrogen-regulated genes that are expressed in the MCF-7(More)
The mRNA levels of LIV-1 and pS2, two estrogen-responsive genes, are increased by the agents, cholera toxin (CT) plus 3-isobutyl-l-methylxanthine (IBMX), which cause an increase in cAMP in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. The simultaneous addition of estradiol and CT/IBMX results in a synergistic induction of the two mRNAs. The changes in mRNA reflect(More)
Estrogen responses of human breast cancer cell lines have frequently been shown to be promoted by insulin. We have examined the action of insulin, and its interaction with estradiol, in regulating the expression of the estrogen-induced genes, LIV-1 and pS2. Both hormones cause increases in mRNA levels of the two genes but do so by distinct mechanisms. The(More)
Organ cultures of liver from untreated male Xenopus respond to 17 beta-estradiol in the culture medium by synthesizing and secreting the yolk protein precursor vitellogenin. Vitellogenin synthesis, as a primary response, is first detectable on the fourth day of culture, and comprises up to 12% of the protein synthesized on the eighth day. Estradiol is(More)