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Transient transfection experiments in which three different estrogen response element-containing reporter genes were cotransfected into HeLa cells, together with constitutively expressed estrogen receptor (ER) constructs, demonstrate that activation of the transcription of the reporter genes by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and by cholera toxin with(More)
The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with vital communication concepts and tools to assist in preparing for and responding to a severe influenza pandemic in the United States. The focus of the book is on the possibility of a severe pandemic. Although the concepts do apply to less intense public health challenges, they may not need to be(More)
A cDNA library has been constructed from the poly(A)+ mRNA of oestrogen-stimulated ZR-75-1 human breast cancer cells. Screening by differential hybridization has identified eight clones which are stimulated between 4- and 16-fold by oestrogen. Two clones (pLIV-1) that are stimulated 4-fold, hybridize to three different mRNA species. A further five(More)
The response of two endogenous, estrogen-induced genes, LIV-1 and pS2, to growth factor stimulation of MCF-7 cells was examined. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were each able to induce an increase in the two mRNAs in the absence of estradiol, and their effects were(More)
An agent with the properties of a retrovirus has been detected regularly in monocytes from patients with breast cancer. In 97% of breast cancer patients the cell-free culture medium (CFCM) in which the monocytes had been cultured possessed reverse transcriptase (RT) activity. In contrast, RT activity was detected in the CFCM from only 11% of age and sex(More)
The level of oestrogen-responsive gene expression in breast tumours has been proposed as a predictor of the response of the tumour to endocrine (anti-oestrogen) therapy. We demonstrate that different oestrogen-responsive genes may differ in their responses to other hormones. pLIV-1 and pS2 are two oestrogen-regulated genes that are expressed in the MCF-7(More)
Project Well has developed a pilot self-supporting community-based mitigation program to provide arsenic-safe water to the villagers of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India. Shallow concrete dugwells, less than 25 feet deep, that tap into an unconfined aquifer are constructed following stipulated guidelines. The design differs from the traditional dugwell(More)
The large ATP synthase gene cluster in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) plastids encodes four of the six chloroplast-encoded ATP synthase subunits. Expression of this cluster was examined to determine its response to light-induced plastid development. Spinach plastid transcripts were isolated from etiolated tissues, etiolated tissues exposed to 24 h of light,(More)
Estrogen responses of human breast cancer cell lines have frequently been shown to be promoted by insulin. We have examined the action of insulin, and its interaction with estradiol, in regulating the expression of the estrogen-induced genes, LIV-1 and pS2. Both hormones cause increases in mRNA levels of the two genes but do so by distinct mechanisms. The(More)
Citation MiniBooNE Collaboration et al. " First measurement of the muon neutrino charged current quasielastic double differential cross section. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly(More)