Cynthia D. Driscoll

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The present study examined the effects of physostigmine, a cholinesterase inhibitor, on activity in young rats whose mothers consumed isocaloric liquid diets containing 35% or 0% ethanol-derived calories on days 6-20 of pregnancy. A pair-feeding procedure was utilized and an ad libitum lab chow group was included. Physostigmine was administered to(More)
Much is known about the potential consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure through data developed in animals and man. However, little attempt has been made to compare the human and animal literature with respect to qualitative and quantitative similarities and differences. To this end, a comparison was made between the effects reported in humans following(More)
PURPOSE These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The two proteins were localized within the retina by immunoblot(More)
The effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the development of a conditioned taste aversion were examined in preweanling rat pups. Mothers of these pups were fed isocaloric liquid diets containing either 35 or 0% ethanol-derived calories (EDC) from gestation days 6 through 20. A pair-feeding procedure was employed, and an ad lib lab chow control group was(More)
The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on nipple attachment behavior was studied at a number of ages in rat pups whose mothers consumed liquid diets containing 35% or 0% ethanol-derived calories (EDC) or standard lab chow during pregnancy. In the first experiment, nondeprived pups were tested in groups of three (one from each of the prenatal treatment(More)
Diglyme (Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether, CAS No. 111-96-6) is a glycol ether which has been used in solvent formulations. To assess the potential developmental toxicity of this chemical, groups of pregnant Crl:CD BR rats were exposed to either 0 (control, room air only), 25, 100, or 400 ppm diglyme by inhalation for 6 hrs/day for Days 7 through 16 or(More)
Dibasic esters (DBE) are a mixture of 3 carboxylic acid esters which are used in the paint and coatings industry. In this study, groups of pregnant Crl:CD BR rats were exposed to either 0.16, 0.4, or 1.0 mg DBE/L by inhalation for 6 hr/day from Days 7 through 16 of gestation (day in which copulation plug was detected was designated Day 1G). A control group(More)
The developmental toxicity of N-methylformamide (MMF), an industrial chemical intermediate used in the production of agrichemicals, was examined in pregnant rats. MMF was administered by nose-only inhalation, 6 hr daily on Days 7-16 of gestation (the day copulation was confirmed was termed Day 1 of gestation, Day 1G) at exposure concentrations of 0, 15, 50,(More)