Cynthia Cohen

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PURPOSE To determine the expression of angiogenic cytokines in macrophages and retinal pigment epithelium cells in choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS Ten surgically-excised subfoveal CNV specimens and ten eye bank eyes with subfoveal CNV were routinely processed, serially sectioned, and immunostained for factor VIII (F8), CD68 (KP1), cytokeratin(More)
Necrosis and vascular proliferation are the pathologic features that distinguish the most malignant infiltrative astrocytoma, glioblastoma (GBM), from those of lower grades. In GBM, hypercellular zones called pseudopalisades typically surround necrotic foci. Although these cells are known to secrete high levels of proangiogenic factors that promote tumor(More)
Two primary and two metastatic cell lines with distinct phenotypes and genotypes have been established from a patient diagnosed as having infiltrating and intraductal mammary carcinoma (21T series). All four lines can be cultured in the same medium, DFCI-1, which also supports long-term growth of normal epithelial cells. Therefore, we have been able to(More)
The reactive oxygen-generating enzyme Nox1 transforms NIH 3T3 cells, rendering them highly tumorigenic and, as shown herein, also increases tumorigenicity of DU-145 prostate epithelial cells. Although Nox1 modestly stimulates cell division in both fibroblasts and epithelial cells, an increased mitogenic rate alone did not account fully for the marked(More)
Melanoma is the cancer with the highest increase in incidence, and transformation of radial growth to vertical growth (i.e., noninvasive to invasive) melanoma is required for invasive disease and metastasis. We have previously shown that p42/p44 MAP kinase is activated in radial growth melanoma, suggesting that further signaling events are required for(More)
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B cell neoplasm, which is one of the most common neoplasms of childhood. It is highly widespread in East Africa, where it appears in endemic form associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and around the world in a sporadic form in which EBV infection is much less common. In addition to being the first human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Lower adiponectin levels are associated with poor prognosis in obese HCC patients, hence it is plausible that adiponectin acts as a negative regulator of HCC. We investigated the effects of adiponectin on HCC development and its molecular(More)
In a previous large-scale gene expression profiling study of renal epithelial neoplasms, human beta-defensin-1 (DEFB1) was found to be significantly down-regulated in conventional clear cell (renal) carcinoma. We have now completed an expanded expression analysis of this gene. We performed immunohistochemical analysis for the DEFB1 protein in clinical(More)
CONTEXT Although tuberculosis (TB) is the leading worldwide cause of death due to an infectious disease, the extent to which progressive clinical disease is associated with genetic host factors remains undefined. OBJECTIVE To determine the distribution of HLA antigens and the frequency of 2 alleles of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene in(More)
The expression patterns of 7075 genes were analyzed in four conventional (clear cell) renal cell carcinomas (RCC), one chromophobe RCC, and two oncocytomas using cDNA microarrays. Expression profiles were compared among tumors using various clustering algorithms, thereby separating the tumors into two categories consistent with corresponding(More)