Cynthia Clark

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A comparison of the effectiveness of the trivalent cation, lanthanum (La3+) relative to Ca2+ in causing catecholamine release from bovine chromaffin cells has been made, together with a determination of the pathway by which La3+ enters these cells. In chromaffin cells maintained in tissue culture and permeabilised with digitonin, both La3+ and Ca2+ caused(More)
Two potential mechanisms by which the intracellular Ca(2 stores might modulate catecholamine release from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells were investigated: (i) that the cytosolic Ca(2+)transient caused by Ca(2+)release from the intracellular stores recruits additional chromaffin granules to a readily releasable pool that results in augmented catecholamine(More)
BACKGROUND Our lab has previously demonstrated losses in contrast sensitivity to low spatial frequencies under scotopic conditions with older adults. It is not clear, however, whether the temporal frequency of a stimulus alters the relation between age and the spatial contrast sensitivity function (sCSF) under scotopic conditions. METHODS A(More)
The different hemifields in the retina are known to vary in photoreceptor density as well as in the number of photoreceptors converging onto one ganglion cell. The effect of these differences among the retinal hemifields at 10 degrees retinal eccentricity was investigated using a color-naming procedure to derive perceptive field sizes for the hue terms of(More)
A potential role of the intracellular Ca2+ stores in modulating catecholamine release has been investigated in bovine chromaffin cells maintained in tissue culture. Pharmacological depletion of the stores with a combination of caffeine, histamine and thapsigargin in Ca2+-free media resulted in a significantly greater release of catecholamines on re-exposure(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether asynchronous video posts and synchronous videoconferencing would create higher levels of teaching and social presence within an online course when compared with the university's current text-based discussion platform. Undergraduate students in an online teacher education course were randomly assigned to(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the affordances of Google+, specifically the ability to create asynchronous video posts and conduct synchronous videoconferencing, would more effectively help develop teaching and social presence when compared with the university's current text-based WebCT discussion platform in an online teacher(More)