Cynthia A Swann

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Between 1978 and 1981, 74 women with nonpalpable breast cancer underwent surgery after localization guides were placed. In 72 patients, guides were introduced parallel to the chest wall; in two the needle was positioned anteroposteriorly under computed tomographic guidance. Fifty-six cases (76%) were infiltrating cancer; 13 (17%), intraductal cancers; two(More)
Occasionally, a breast lesion is visible in only one mammographic projection. A simplified method of using parallax in a dedicated mammographic system has been devised to locate accurately lesions that are not visible in two orthogonal projections. In eight patients, a parallax approach from essentially a single mammographic position was used to place a(More)
Anecdotal reports of pain experienced during mammography have been a source of anxiety and concern for some women considering screening. To determine what asymptomatic women actually experience during mammography, a survey of 1847 women was performed at seven breast-imaging centers. Women recorded their experience on a six-point scale ranging from no(More)
A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the significance of asymmetric breast tissue (asymmetric volume of breast tissue, asymmetrically dense breast tissue with preserved architecture, or asymmetrically prominent ducts) on mammograms. Of 8,408 mammograms obtained in 1985, 221 (3%) demonstrated asymmetric breast tissue. Follow-up was 36-42 months(More)
A new dual-screen, dual-emulsion-film combination that allows a decrease in radiation dose of approximately 66% was compared with a widely used single-screen, single-emulsion-film system in contact and magnification mammography. Clustered microcalcifications randomly superimposed on a breast phantom were detected, and the location and number of individual(More)
The halo sign, described as a complete or partial radiolucent ring surrounding the periphery of a breast mass, has long been considered a mammographic sign indicating a benign process. The phenomenon is most frequently seen with cysts and fibroadenomas. Over the past 8 years, 25 malignant breast lesions with a partial or complete halo on mammography have(More)
The preoperative triangulation and localization of some occult breast lesions can be complicated if the lesion is located deep in the breast. Based on the authors' experience of 1,400 localization procedures, standard breast positions were modified to help locate lesions that were difficult to see in two projections. Standard compression plates were also(More)
We studied the relationship between the radiographic density of the breast as measured by parenchymal pattern vs age, breast size, thickness after compression, and compressibility. Two hundred consecutive women were evaluated. None of the three parameters or the patient's age correlated with the degree of radiographic density. Although more older women had(More)