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Serum samples from 54 monkeys were collected from healthy individuals in a monkey farm in Luzon island, Philippines, in 1999, and examined by IgM-capture ELISA and indirect IgG ELISA for the presence of dengue (DEN), Japanese encephalitis (JE) and chikungunya (CHIK) viruses. The positive rates for IgM ELISA were 3.7, 35.2 and 14.8% against DEN, JE and CHIK,(More)
In Myanmar, dengue fever (DF)/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children. From Pyinmana Hospital in 2004 and Mandalay Children Hospital in 2006, 160 patients diagnosed clinically to have DHF/dengue shock syndrome (DSS) were examined for immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG levels. A focus reduction(More)
Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, East Timor and the Philippines constitute peninsular and island South-East Asia. For reasons of largely shared ethnicity, with Chinese elements added to the basic Austromalaysian populations, as well as geographical contiguity, they can be usefully grouped together for studies of chronic disease prevalence and(More)
Genome-wide association studies have shown that a non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism characterized by a C-to-G change encoding an isoleucine-to-methionine substitution at amino acid position 148 in the human patatin-like phospholipase 3 (PNPLA3) gene was found to be associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced liver(More)
Because most cases of secondary dengue virus infection are associated with an increased level of platelet-associated IgG, a high dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may have an effect on the development of severe thrombocytopenia in this disease. A randomized, controlled study was conducted with two treatment groups consisting of a treatment (IVIG)(More)
Age-adjusted incidence rates of breast cancer vary more than 10-fold worldwide, with the highest rates reported in North America and Europe. The highest breast cancer incidence rates in Southeast Asia have been reported for the Manila Cancer Registry in the Philippines, with an age-standardized rate of 47.7 per 100,000 per year. The possible contribution of(More)
The glutathione S-transferase (GST) supergene family is made up of four gene families responsible for the biotransformation of drugs and other xenobiotics. Genetic variations in this supergene family influence individual detoxification levels and may contribute to the development of cancer. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted to evaluate the(More)
The incidence and geographical distribution of dengue has gradually increased during the past decade. This review is an update on dengue virus infections, based on our clinical and laboratory experiences in the Philippines and on other relevant literature. The differential diagnosis of this disease is discussed, especially for use by clinicians where dengue(More)
To demonstrate the differences of clinical features and hematologic abnormalities between dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), 359 pediatric patients admitted St. Luke's Medical Center in Quezon City, between 1999 and 2001 in Metro Manila, and adjoining provinces the Philippines, with a laboratory-confirmed dengue virus infection were(More)
To establish a new method for the diagnosis of dengue secondary infection, 187 serum samples from the patients with dengue secondary infection, 40 serum samples from the patients with dengue primary infection, and 44 serum samples from the healthy volunteers were tested using the dengue IgG indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DEN IgG ELISA). The(More)