Cynthia A. Koutz

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Breast reconstruction with a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap plus an implant has been proposed as an option for women with a thin body habitus who do not have sufficient abdominal tissue to permit reconstruction with a TRAM flap alone. The standard autologous tissue reconstructive procedure in these women is a combined latissimus dorsi(More)
PURPOSE Isolating retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells from adult rat was the goal of this study. METHOD A modification of the procedure of Mayerson et al was the method employed. After the cornea and lens were removed, the eyecup was treated with hyaluronidase plus collagenase. The neural retina was carefully removed with little RPE attached. The(More)
We have investigated the isozymes of a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) in bovine retina using several monoclonal antisera to PLCbeta1, gamma1, and delta1. Immunoblot analysis showed that all three isozymes were present in the retina. Immunocytochemical localization in frozen bovine retina sections showed that PLCgamma1 was present in the(More)
Bovine rod outer segments (ROS) contain a phospholipase C (PLC) that hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Approximately 60-70% of PLC activity is recovered in soluble extracts of ROS. Moreover, the specific activity of this soluble PLC is approximately 10-fold higher than that of resealed ROS enzyme activity. Peptide-specific antiserum (Ab(More)
We investigated the mechanism by which rat retina conserves docosahexaenoic acid during essential fatty acid deficiency. Weanling female albino rats were fed diets containing either 10% by weight hydrogenated coconut oil, safflower oil, or linseed oil for 15 weeks. Plasma and rod outer segment (ROS) membranes were prepared for fatty acid and phospholipid(More)
We have previously shown that retinas of albino rats adapt to bright cyclic light (500-800 lx) by lowering the levels of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) in their rod outer segment (ROS) phospholipids. In the present study, we addressed the role of dietary fat in this process. Pregnant rats were kept in 1 lx or 250 lx cyclic illuminance (12L:12D) and fed(More)
Over the last several years, evidence has accumulated that n-3 fatty acids, particularly 22:6n-3, are essential for the development of the structure and function of the visual system. The importance of 22:6n-3 is reflected in the tenacious manner in which the retina conserves this fatty acid during n-3 deficiency. We have shown that conservation is achieved(More)
The vertebrate retina conserves docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) during n-3 fatty acid deficiency. The mechanism of conservation is not known, although recycling of this fatty acid between the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and retina is one possibility. We examined the role of the RPE in conservation of 22:6n-3 by quantitating the fatty acids and(More)
Retinal changes occurring during the period of growth and maturation of Long Evans pigmented rats were examined to obtain a better understanding of the basis for the age-dependency of light-induced photoreceptor cell damage. Susceptibility to light damage increased markedly between 30 and 60 days of age and to a lesser extent between 60 and 90 days.(More)