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OBJECTIVE To determine statewide, population-based outcomes of persons hospitalized with traumatic brain injury (TBI) at 1 year postinjury. DESIGN Follow-up survey of a representative cohort. SETTING A statewide, population-based registry and follow-up system for persons hospitalized with TBI. PARTICIPANTS A total of 1591 adult Coloradoans with(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and test a new instrument to assess environmental barriers encountered by people with and without disabilities by using a questionnaire format. DESIGN New instrument development. SETTING A rehabilitation hospital and community. PARTICIPANTS Two convenience samples: (1) 97 subjects, 50 with disabilities and 47 without disability,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial of massage therapy for patients with a new spinal cord injury (SCI) during acute inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN A pilot single-center, randomized, single-blind, cross-over clinical trial. SETTING Free-standing, not-for-profit, comprehensive rehabilitation center(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review of patient medical records comparing the outcomes of two groups of individuals with high-level (C3-4) tetraplegia- those with high-volume and those with low-volume mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVES To determine if higher volume mechanical ventilation contributes to faster weaning from the ventilator with fewer(More)
The prevalence of infection with the genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) has been difficult to ascertain, primarily because of the large percentage of subclinical cases and the limitations in specificity of serologic assays for antibody to HSV-2. To obtain an improved estimate of the distribution of HSV-2 infection in the United States, we used an(More)
BACKGROUND Although studies have identified physician beliefs that may cause them to avoid spiritual topics in the clinic (eg, lack of time), it is unknown to what extent these beliefs predict behavior. The purpose of the present study was to identify physician beliefs about religion and medicine that predict attention to religious issues in the clinic. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate aging with traumatic brain injury (TBI) by determining if long-term outcomes after TBI are predicted by years postinjury and age at injury after controlling for the severity of the injury and sex. DESIGN Cross-sectional follow-up telephone survey. SETTING Community residents who had received initial treatment in a comprehensive(More)
This prospective study examines a population based cohort of 115 Coloradans identified as having an acute traumatic spinal cord injury by the Spinal Cord Injury Early Notification System in 1989. Comprehensive medical cost and complication data were collected for the first 2 years of survival. Unlike previous cost studies, this group represents the broad(More)
Craig Hospital and the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment began designing a population-based follow-up system for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 1994. With funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Colorado TBI Follow-up System addresses the issue, "What happens to persons with TBI after they are(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy, across a range of disability groups, of the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART), a measure of societal participation. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis survey methodology. A total of 1110 community-based, nonhospitalized Coloradans with spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis,(More)