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Seven zygotically active genes have been identified in Drosophila that determine the fate of dorsal cells in the developing embryo. decapentaplegic (dpp), a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family, appears to play the central role in dorsal ectoderm formation, as mutations in this gene confer the most severe mutant phenotype of this(More)
Subgroup analysis of children (5-12 years) with autism enrolled in an 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of risperidone for pervasive developmental disorders. The primary efficacy measure was the Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Irritability (ABC-I) subscale. Data were available for 55 children given risperidone (n=27) or placebo (n=28); mean(More)
PURPOSE Although treatment advances have improved outcomes in schizophrenia, definitions of remission and recovery are still evolving. Recently proposed criteria for remission (mild or less on multiple core-symptom ratings for at least 6 months) have been applied to a 1-year study of long-acting risperidone injection. METHODS In a 50-week, open-label(More)
INTRODUCTION Treatment-emergent tardive dyskinesia (TD) can be a serious side effect of antipsychotic treatment. Atypical antipsychotics are associated with a lower risk for TD than are conventional agents. A long-acting atypical antipsychotic, with more stable blood levels and lower peak blood levels than an oral formulation, may provide differential(More)
OBJECTIVE No large controlled trials have evaluated adjunctive maintenance treatment with long-acting injectable antipsychotics in patients with bipolar disorder. This study assessed whether adjunctive maintenance treatment with risperidone long-acting therapy (RLAT), added to treatment-as-usual (TAU) medications for bipolar disorder, delays relapse in(More)
BACKGROUND A post hoc analysis from a multiphase trial with open-label transition and maintenance phases, a double-blind relapse prevention phase, and an optional open-label extension examined the long-term tolerability with continuous once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate 39, 78, 117, or 156 mg (25, 50, 75, or 100 mg equivalents [mg eq] of(More)
Early and maintained treatment is important for better long-term outcomes in schizophrenia. We hypothesized that treatment with injectable risperidone long-acting therapy (RLAT) would be associated with improved outcomes in recently diagnosed patients compared with those having longer illness duration. Post-hoc analyses were conducted from a 1-year study of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the tolerability of the recommended initiation doses for once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate in patients who have recently been diagnosed with schizophrenia and for whom high doses may pose tolerability concerns. METHODS A post hoc analysis from a 13-week double-blind study of patients with schizophrenia randomized 1:1:1:1(More)
AIM Long-acting injectable antipsychotics (APs) are not well studied in recent-onset schizophrenia. This exploratory analysis of a study designed to reflect real-world schizophrenia, as defined by patients, interventions and outcomes, compared relative treatment effect between once-monthly paliperidone palmitate (PP) and daily oral APs in patients with(More)
A novel intermediate filament cDNA, pG-IF, has been isolated from a Drosophila melanogaster embryonic expression library screened with a polyclonal antiserum produced against a 46 kDa cytoskeletal protein isolated from Kc cells. This 46 kDa protein is known to be immunologically related to vertebrate intermediate filament proteins. The screen resulted in(More)