Custodia García-Jiménez

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The mechanism by which the eukaryotic DNA-replication machinery penetrates condensed chromatin structures to replicate the underlying DNA is poorly understood. Here we provide evidence that an ACF1-ISWI chromatin-remodeling complex is required for replication through heterochromatin in mammalian cells. ACF1 (ATP-utilizing chromatin assembly and remodeling(More)
Thyroid cancers are the most frequent endocrine neoplasms and mutations in the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) are unusually frequent. Here we present the state-of-the-art concerning the role of TSHR in thyroid cancer and discuss it in light of the cancer stem cell theory or the classical view. We briefly review the gene and protein structure updating the(More)
WNT signaling is emerging as a global regulator of metabolism, targeting multiple tissues. This is achieved either directly through Wnt receptors, or indirectly through the action of incretins, hormones that enhance glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and target extrapancreatic organs that cooperatively control whole body energy balance. WNT increases(More)
Increasing evidence suggests a complex relationship between obesity, diabetes and cancer. Here we review the evidence for the association between obesity and diabetes and a wide range of cancer types. In many cases the evidence for a positive association is strong, but for other cancer types a more complex picture emerges with some site-specific cancers(More)
Extensive epidemiological studies suggest that the diabetic population is at higher risk of site-specific cancers. The diabetes-cancer link has been hypothesized to rely on various hormonal (insulin, IGF1, adipokines), immunological (inflammation), or metabolic (hyperglycemia) characteristics of the disease and even on certain treatments. Inflammation may(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of glucose homeostasis. Rates of diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are decreased when GIP signalling is disturbed in mice, suggesting that GIP plays a role in the onset of type 2 diabetes. WNT signalling is linked to type 2 diabetes and induces(More)
Diabetes in rats is characterized by insulin deficiency accompanied by a decrease in lipogenic enzymes. The malic enzyme (ME) gene, which encodes an important lipogenic enzyme, was used to investigate insulin regulation of gene expression. ME mRNA levels were reduced by more than 90% in the liver of diabetic rats. The administration of insulin (3 U/15 days)(More)
Nuclear accumulation of β-catenin, a widely recognized marker of poor cancer prognosis, drives cancer cell proliferation and senescence bypass and regulates incretins, critical regulators of fat and glucose metabolism. Diabetes, characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, is associated with increased cancer risk, partly because of increased insulin(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is composed of highly specialized cells, whose main function is to produce heat under adrenergic stimulation, uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. For this function, lipogenesis must be accurately regulated. Malic enzyme has a central role in lipogenesis and is strongly expressed in brown adipocytes. In this work, we study the(More)
Primary cultures of brown adipocytes were used to investigate the regulation of malic enzyme (ME) gene expression by insulin and T3. No ME gene expression was detected in undifferentiated preadipocytes. The levels of ME mRNA increased slightly during cell differentiation. Physiological doses of insulin or T3 increased ME gene expression, which reached a(More)