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Glyoxylate and hydroxypyruvate are metabolites involved in the pathway of carbon in photorespiration. The chief glyoxylate-reducing enzyme in leaves is now known to be a cytosolic glyoxylate reductase that uses NADPH as the preferred cofactor but can also use NADH. Glyoxylate reductase has been isolated from spinach leaves, purified to homogeneity, and(More)
The effects of methionine sulfoximine and ammonium chloride on [(14)C] glutamate metabolism in excised leaves of Triticum aestivum were investigated. Glutamine was the principal product derived from [U(14)C]glutamate in the light and in the absence of inhibitor or NH(4)Cl. Other amino acids, organic acids, sugars, sugar phosphates, and CO(2) became slightly(More)
Protoplasts purified from pea (Pisum sativum L.) leaves were lysed and fractionated to assess the subcellular distribution of NADPH-dependent hydroxypyruvate reductase (NADPH-HPR) activity. Rate-zonal centrifugation and sucrose-gradient experiments demonstrated that most (about 70%) of the NADPH-HPR activity was located in the supernatant or cytosol(More)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase was found in Pisum sativum chloroplasts purified on sucrose density gradients. A chloroplast-enriched pellet obtained by differential centrifugation formed two chlorophyll-containing bands. The lower one containing intact chloroplasts had NADP-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase and triose-phosphate isomerase activities. Mitochondria(More)
Germination of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici uredospores is inhibited by continuous irradiation. Prehydration of spores enhances both dark germination and photoinhibition. Simultaneous irradiation with ineffective red (653 nanometers) and inhibitory far red light (720 nanometers) results in partial nullification of the inhibition brought about by far red(More)
Metabolism of [(14)C]glutamate was studied in leaf discs of Vicia faba L. in light and in darkness. In white light glutamine was the main labeled product. In the dark label was principally in compounds closely associated with tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolism, predominantly aspartate. Entry of label from glutamate into tricarboxylic acid metabolism(More)
The use of LaPr 88/29 mutant of barley (Hordeum vulgare), which lacks NADH-preferring hydroxypyruvate reductase (HPR-1), allowed for an unequivocal demonstration of at least two related NADPH-preferring reductases in this species: HPR-2, reactive with both hydroxypyruvate and glyoxylate, and the glyoxylate specific reductase (GR-1). Antibodies against(More)
Intact chloroplasts, isolated by differential-centrifugation and sucrose density-gradient methods, have been used to study the degree of apparent artifactual adsorption of citrate synthase (EC to the organelles. Unfractionated homogenates layered directly on to sucrose density gradients gave elution profiles showing definite citrate synthase(More)
Intact chloroplasts isolated from leaves of Vicia faba L. var. the Sutton show a decline in the endogenous level of alpha-ketoglutarate upon illumination. alpha-Ketoglutarate supplied to the chloroplasts is similarly utilized in this light-dependent reaction, and its consumption is paralleled by a concomitant increase in the level of glutamate. There is no(More)