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OBJECTIVES To present new estimates of the average lifetime costs per child maltreatment victim and aggregate lifetime costs for all new child maltreatment cases incurred in 2008 using an incidence-based approach. METHODS This study used the best available secondary data to develop cost per case estimates. For each cost category, the paper used(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the associations of overall and age-specific suicide rates with business cycles from 1928 to 2007 in the United States. METHODS We conducted a graphical analysis of changes in suicide rates during business cycles, used nonparametric analyses to test associations between business cycles and suicide rates, and calculated correlations(More)
Obese people incur higher health care costs at a given point in time, but how rising obesity rates affect spending growth over time is unknown. We estimate obesity-attributable health care spending increases between 1987 and 2001. Increases in the proportion of and spending on obese people relative to people of normal weight account for 27 percent of the(More)
INTRODUCTION One out of three persons aged 65 and older falls annually and 20% to 30% of falls result in injury. The purpose of this cost-benefit analysis was to identify community-based fall interventions that were feasible, effective, and provided a positive return on investment (ROI). METHODS A third-party payer perspective was used to determine the(More)
This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to track the health coverage of parents in the year before and the year in which their children enroll in Medicaid. Use of such longitudinal data, compared to cross-sectional data, provides more insight into the dynamics of health insurance coverage and expansions in Medicaid. Using these(More)
BACKGROUND Low-income and uninsured women have lower odds of receiving age-appropriate cancer screens that can detect cancers earlier and reduce morbidity/mortality. A key question is whether federal/state public health programs aimed at increasing screening and other public policies (e.g., welfare reform, managed care) have affected their receipt of these(More)
Estimates of the excess health care costs from the exposure of children to tobacco smoke are not available in the United States. We use two nationally representative databases and current econometric techniques to estimate annual health care costs attributable to secondhand exposure by adults in the household. The point estimate closest to significance (p =(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of anonymised information sharing to prevent injury related to violence. DESIGN Experimental study and time series analysis of a prototype community partnership between the health service, police, and local government partners designed to prevent violence. SETTING Cardiff, Wales, and 14 comparison cities(More)
IMPORTANCE It is important to understand the magnitude and distribution of the economic burden of prescription opioid overdose, abuse, and dependence to inform clinical practice, research, and other decision makers. Decision makers choosing approaches to address this epidemic need cost information to evaluate the cost effectiveness of their choices. (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the costs and benefits of a partnership between health services, police and local government shown to reduce violence-related injury. METHODS Benefit-cost analysis. RESULTS Anonymised information sharing and use led to a reduction in wounding recorded by the police that reduced the economic and social costs of violence by £6.9(More)