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OBJECTIVES To present new estimates of the average lifetime costs per child maltreatment victim and aggregate lifetime costs for all new child maltreatment cases incurred in 2008 using an incidence-based approach. METHODS This study used the best available secondary data to develop cost per case estimates. For each cost category, the paper used(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of anonymised information sharing to prevent injury related to violence. DESIGN Experimental study and time series analysis of a prototype community partnership between the health service, police, and local government partners designed to prevent violence. SETTING Cardiff, Wales, and 14 comparison cities(More)
BACKGROUND Many health behaviors and physiologic indicators can be used to estimate one's likelihood of illness or premature death. Methods have been developed to assess this risk, most notably the use of a health-risk assessment or biometric screening tool. This report provides recommendations on the effectiveness of interventions that use an Assessment of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the increased Medicaid expenditures associated with child maltreatment. METHODS Data on child maltreatment were collected from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, a nationally representative sample of cases investigated or assessed by local Child Protective Services agencies between October 1999 and December 2000.(More)
This study examines whether use of primary, preventive, or emergency care changed as primary care case management (PCCM) programs for children were implemented in Alabama and Georgia. Using claims data we track the same children over time, and control for geographic availability of Medicaid providers, which also changed over this period. A decline in use of(More)
is much appreciated. The views expressed here are the authors' and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta or the Federal Reserve System. Any remaining errors are the authors' responsibility. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta working papers, including revised versions, are available on the Atlanta Fed's website at frbatlanta.org/pubs/WP/.(More)
This study explores the impact of program structure on children's use of care by comparing care use in State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and Medicaid covered populations in a State where children share the same provider network and are both in a primary care case management system with the same Medicaid fee structure. We then compare care(More)
OBJECTIVES Health consequences of shaken baby syndrome, or pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT), can be severe and long-lasting. We aimed to estimate the multiyear medical cost attributable to AHT. METHODS Using Truven Health MarketScan data, 2003-2011, we identified children 0 to 4 years old with commercial or Medicaid insurance and AHT diagnoses. We used(More)
BACKGROUND Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death and injury in the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe the current health burden and medical and work loss costs of nonfatal crash injuries among vehicle occupants in the United States. METHODS CDC analyzed data on emergency department (ED) visits resulting from nonfatal(More)
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