Curtis R. Brandt

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PURPOSE To determine whether trabecular meshwork-inducible glucocorticoid response/myocilin (TIGR/MYOC) protein associates with the extracellular matrix (ECM) of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. METHODS The extracellular localization of TIGR/MYOC was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy in HTM cultures treated with and without dexamethasone and(More)
We compared 31 complete and nearly complete globally derived HSV-1 genomic sequences using HSV-2 HG52 as an outgroup to investigate their phylogenetic relationships and look for evidence of recombination. The sequences were retrieved from NCBI and were then aligned using Clustal W. The generation of a maximum likelihood tree resulted in a six clade(More)
PURPOSE Little is known about the role of sequence variation in the pathology of HSV-1 keratitis virus. The goal was to show that a multiplex, high-throughput genome-sequencing approach is feasible for simultaneously sequencing seven HSV-1 ocular strains. METHODS A genome sequencer was used to sequence the HSV-1 ocular isolates TFT401, 134, CJ311, CJ360,(More)
Influenza A viruses continue to cause widespread morbidity and mortality. There is an added concern that the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza A viruses, currently found throughout many parts of the world, represent a serious public health threat and may result in a pandemic. Intervention strategies to halt an influenza epidemic or pandemic are a high(More)
Herpes simplex ocular infection is a major cause of corneal blindness. Local antiviral treatments exist but are associated with corneal toxicity, and resistance has become an issue. We evaluated the biodistribution and efficacy of a humanized anti-herpes simplex virus (anti-HSV) IgG FAb fragment (AC-8; 53 kDa) following repeated topical administration. AC-8(More)
In a previous study, a mouse L cell mutant was isolated which is 90% resistant to HSV-1 infection (S. Gruenheid, L. Gatzke, H. Meadows, and F. Tufaro. J. Virol. 67, 93-100, 1993). This cell line, termed gro2C, failed to express heparan sulfate (HS)-glycosaminoglycans on the cell surface, which normally act as initial receptors for HSV-1 attachment to(More)
Mixed infections with different strains of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) may result in more severe disease than infection with either strain alone. This phenomenon is important because it may facilitate the identification of virulence genes through the transfer of virulence determinants between complementing strains, and it may pose a problem in the(More)
UNLABELLED Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is a major global pathogen, infecting 16% of people 15 to 49 years old worldwide and causing recurrent genital ulcers. Little is known about viral factors contributing to virulence, and there are currently only two genomic sequences available. In this study, we determined nearly complete genomic sequences of six(More)
Previous studies have shown that the initial interaction of herpes simplex virus (HSV) with cells is binding to heparan sulphate and that HSV-1 glycoprotein C (gC) is principally responsible for this binding. Although gC-negative viral mutants are impaired for binding and entry, they retain significant infectivity. The purpose of the studies reported here(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (bFGF, FGF2) exhibits mitogenic, angiogenic, wound healing, and neuroprotective properties. Infusion of FGF2 in vivo to treat neurodegenerative disorders in animal models results in increased survival of damaged neurons, but these effects are transient. To test the feasibility of HSV vector-delivered FGF2 for neuroprotection, we(More)