Curtis J. Donskey

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BACKGROUND Asymptomatic fecal carriage of Clostridium difficile is common in patients staying in health care facilities, but the importance of asymptomatic carriers with regard to disease transmission is unclear. METHODS We prospectively examined the prevalence of asymptomatic carriage of epidemic North American pulsed-field gel electrophoresis type 1 and(More)
Military medical facilities treating patients injured in Iraq and Afghanistan have identified a large number of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii isolates. In order to anticipate the impact of these pathogens on patient care, we analyzed the antibiotic resistance genes responsible for the MDR phenotype in Acinetobacter sp. isolates collected(More)
Antimicrobial therapy plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), presumably through disruption of indigenous intestinal microflora, thereby allowing C. difficile to grow and produce toxin. Investigations involving animal models and studies performed in vitro suggest that inhibitory activity against C. difficile and(More)
Populations of digestive microflora in chickens change with age and are affected by diet, stressors, and performance enhancers. Culturing techniques used to profile a bacterial community inadvertently select for some organisms while excluding others. Several molecular-based techniques have been used to profile mixed microbial populations on the basis of DNA(More)
Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of PCR-amplified ribosomal RNA gene amplicons was used to study the stool microbiota of hospitalized patients and to examine the effect of antibiotic therapy. For one patient, 16 anaerobic species identified by random cloning and sequencing of PCR-amplified rRNA genes from stool were represented by bands on the(More)
BACKGROUND Colonization and infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococci have been associated with exposure to antibiotics that are active against anaerobes. In mice that have intestinal colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci, these agents promote high-density colonization, whereas antibiotics with minimal antianaerobic activity do not. (More)
Mechanisms for the intercellular transfer of VanB-type vancomycin resistance determinants and for the almost universal association of these determinants with those for high-level ampicillin resistance remain poorly defined. We report the discovery of Tn5382, a ca. 27-kb putative transposon encoding VanB-type glycopeptide resistance in Enterococcus faecium.(More)
Both for epidemiologic studies and for diagnostic testing, there is a need for effective, economical, and readily available selective media for the culture of Clostridium difficile. We have developed a reduced-cost substitute for cycloserine-cefoxitin-fructose agar (CCFA), which is an effective but expensive selective medium for C. difficile. The modified(More)
We examined the frequency of acquisition of bacterial pathogens on investigators' hands after contacting environmental surfaces near hospitalized patients. Hand imprint cultures were positive for one or more pathogens after contacting surfaces near 34 (53%) of 64 study patients, with Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus being the most(More)
BACKGROUND Contaminated environmental surfaces may play an important role in transmission of some healthcare-associated pathogens. In this study, we assessed the adequacy of cleaning practices in rooms of patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) colonization or infection and examined whether(More)