Curtis Gabriel

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JAK/STAT is one of the pathways bearing signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus in response to extracellular growth factors and cytokines. In the present study, we examined the cellular distribution of Jak1 and Stat3, and activation of the JAK/STAT pathway following transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat. Jak1 was mainly seen in white matter(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) becomes activated under inflammatory conditions and triggers induction of gene expression. Here, activation of NF-kappaB was studied after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. Expression of p65 and p50, protein subunits of NF-kappaB, was examined by Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry for p65 was(More)
Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in dissociated rat cerebellar neurons was measured using rhodamine 123 (Rh 123) as fluorescent dye, and flow cytometry. Dye distribution was studied by confocal scanning microscopy. Propidium iodide (PI)-marked cells (dead cells) were not stained by Rh 123, while the green fluorescence of living cells was restricted to(More)
Injection of MPP(+) into the substantia nigra causes extensive necrosis and anterograde degeneration of pars compacta dopaminergic neurons. We studied secondary effects in the ipsilateral striatum by examining dopaminergic terminals, signs of neuronal damage, and glial reactivity at 1, 2, 3, and 7 days after injection of MPP(+) into the substantia nigra.(More)
A method for the rapid detection of intracellular nitric oxide (NO) generation in dissociated cerebellar granule cells using dichlorofluorescin (DCFH) and flow cytometry was developed. DCFH can be oxidized specifically by NO and this was assessed by 1) the use of SIN-1 (10 nM-100 microM), an NO donor, that induced a concentration-dependent increase in(More)
Activation of NMDA receptors in dissociated cerebellar granule cells reduced mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), as measured by rhodamine 123 fluorescence in a flow cytometer. This effect was inhibited by several NMDA-receptor antagonists with the following rank order of potency: MK-801 > PCP > TCP > dextrorphan > dichlorokynurenic acid > D-AP5 >(More)
The overexcitation of glutamate receptors is believed to be the cause of several neurodegenerative disorders. The determination of calcium fluxes, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) variations or the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mammalian cells are usually measured during the development of potentially useful drugs that might interfere(More)
The effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors, N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine and 7-nitroindazole, and the NOS substrate L-arginine on kainic acid (KA)-induced microglial reactivity and stress response were studied in the hippocampus 7 and 1 days after KA, respectively. Density of peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors was measured as an index of(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) belongs to a family of cytokines including IL-1, IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-13. IL-10 gene mapped on chromosome 1q31-q32 and contains four exons (Kim et al., 1992). With its antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive properties IL-10 plays a dominant role in several immune reactions (Moore et al., 1993). IL-10 is currently regarded as a(More)
The anticholinergic drug orphenadrine is used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In this study we evaluate the neuroprotective effects of orphenadrine on excitotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. Orphenadrine prevented the mitochondrial and the cytoplasmic membrane potential decrease evoked by NMDA (100 microM) in rat dissociated cerebellar granule cells(More)