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We describe here the development and implementation of a pilot-scale, in vitro, anticancer drug screen utilizing a panel of 60 human tumor cell lines organized into subpanels representing leukemia, melanoma, and cancers of the lung, colon, kidney, ovary, and central nervous system. The ultimate goal of this disease-oriented screen is to facilitate the(More)
Fifty-eight cell lines in the National Cancer Institute drug screen were analyzed for their ability to efflux the fluorescent dye rhodamine 123 as a functional assay for P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Using flow cytometry, the rhodamine fluorescence was measured for each cell line under four incubation conditions, i.e., after accumulation in the presence or absence(More)
Identifying new chemotherapeutic agents and characterizing mechanisms of resistance may improve cancer treatment. The Anticancer Drug Screen of the National Cancer Institute uses 60 cell lines to identify new agents. Expression of mdr-1/P-glycoprotein was measured by quantitative PCR. Expression was detected in 39 cell lines; the highest levels were in(More)
PURPOSE Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, highly vascular tumor, for which no effective standard systemic treatment exists for patients with unresectable disease. Cediranib is a potent, oral small-molecule inhibitor of all three vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs). PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a phase II trial of(More)
Aminoflavone (4H-1-benzopyran-4-one, 5-amino-2-(4-amino-3-fluorophenyl)-6,8-difluoro-7-methyl; NSC 686288) demonstrates differential antiproliferative activity in the National Cancer Institute's anticancer drug screen. We demonstrate here that MCF-7 human breast cancer cells are sensitive to aminoflavone both in vitro and when grown in vivo as xenografts in(More)
Recently, there has been renewed interest in the role of tumor stem cells (TSCs) in tumorigenesis, chemoresistance, and relapse of malignant tumors including osteosarcoma. The potential exists to improve osteosarcoma treatment through characterization of TSCs and identification of therapeutic targets. Using transcriptome, proteome, immunophenotyping for(More)
2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl) benzothiazole (NSC 674495; DF 203) demonstrates drug uptake and metabolism by tumor cells sensitive to the antiproliferative activity of the drug [J Med Chem 1999;42:4172-4184]. In insensitive cells, little metabolism occurs. Because CYP1A1 can metabolize DF 203, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) may mediate drug action. We(More)
P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance can be reversed by the action of a group of compounds known as chemosensitizers. The interactions with P-glycoprotein of two novel hydrophobic peptide chemosensitizers (reversins 121 and 205) have been studied in model systems in vitro, and in a variety of MDR1-expressing intact tumor cells. The reversins bound(More)
The Met receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), have been implicated in human tumor development and metastasis. HGF/SF induces the expression of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and the uPA receptor (uPAR), important mediators of cell invasion and metastasis. We have developed a cell-based assay to(More)
A candidate antitumor agent, 2-(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (5F-203), was empirically discovered through the National Cancer Institute's Anticancer Drug Screen from a unique growth inhibitory-response profile, indicating a novel mechanism of action. 5F-203 activates the CYP1 family of cytochrome P450, involving aryl hydrocarbon receptor(More)