Learn More
BACKGROUND Integration of rapid diagnostic testing via matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) with antimicrobial stewardship team (AST) intervention has the potential for early organism identification, customization of antibiotic therapy, and improvement in patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the(More)
The challenges in managing patients with infection in the intensive care unit are increased in an era where there are dwindling antimicrobial choices for multidrug-resistant pathogens. Clinicians in the intensive care unit must balance between choosing appropriate antimicrobial treatment for patients with suspected infection and utilizing antimicrobials in(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-related bloodstream infections are common, costly, and morbid. Randomized controlled trials indicate that antiseptic-coated central venous catheters reduce infection rates. OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical and economic effectiveness of antiseptic-coated catheters for critically ill patients in a real-world setting. METHODS Central(More)
PURPOSE A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to investigate the financial impact of using posaconazole versus fluconazole or itraconazole prophylaxis in patients with prolonged neutropenia. METHODS A decision-analytic model was developed from a hospital perspective based on the use of posaconazole versus fluconazole or itraconazole prophylaxis in(More)
OBJECTIVES Fidaxomicin is a novel treatment for Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs). This new treatment, however, is associated with a higher acquisition cost compared with alternatives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of fidaxomicin or oral vancomycin for the treatment of CDIs. METHODS We performed a cost-utility(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a very common localized infection of the mucus membranes of the oropharynx that is most commonly caused by the patient's own commensal Candida albicans. It is the most common opportunistic infection affecting patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is also quite common in patients with hematological(More)
OBJECTIVE Procalcitonin has emerged as a promising biomarker of bacterial infection. Published literature demonstrates that use of procalcitonin testing and an associated treatment pathway reduces duration of antibiotic therapy without impacting mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the financial impact of utilizing a procalcitonin-guided(More)
This cost minimization analysis investigated the financial impact of the treatment of fungemias due to Candida glabrata from a hospital perspective using three competing alternatives: (i) performing in-house susceptibility testing on all C. glabrata isolates and changing patients to less expensive fluconazole therapy for isolates that test susceptible; (ii)(More)
PURPOSE Drug costs and utilization after implementation of a posaconazole prophylaxis protocol in adults with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) were studied. METHODS Adult patients who initiated induction or reinduction chemotherapy for the treatment of AML between December 1, 2006, and March 31, 2008, at a tertiary care hospital were included in this(More)
OBJECTIVES The study objective was to determine whether there was an improvement in compliance with recommended Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) treatment after introduction of an institutional CDI bundle with daily antimicrobial stewardship assessment. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a single-centre, quasi-experimental study evaluating compliance with(More)