Learn More
Galectins are a family of mammalian beta-galactoside-binding proteins that positively and negatively regulate T cell death. Extracellular galectin-1 directly induces death of T cells and thymocytes, while intracellular galectin-3 blocks T cell death. In contrast to the antiapoptotic function of intracellular galectin-3, we demonstrate that extracellular(More)
Many biological ligands are composed of clustered binding epitopes. However, the effects of clustered epitopes on the affinity of ligand-receptor interactions in many cases are not well understood. Clustered carbohydrate epitopes are present in naturally occurring multivalent carbohydrates and glycoproteins, which are receptors on the surface of cells.(More)
Plant and animal lectins bind and cross-link certain multiantennary oligosaccharides, glycopeptides, and glycoproteins. This can lead to the formation of homogeneous cross-linked complexes, which may differ in their stoichiometry depending on the nature of the sugar receptor involved. As a precisely defined ligand, we have employed bovine asialofetuin(More)
The trisaccharide 3,6-di-O-(alpha-D-mannopyranosyl)-D-mannose, which is present in all asparagine-linked carbohydrates, was previously shown by titration microcalorimetry to bind to the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) with nearly -6 kcal mol-1 greater enthalpy change and 60-fold higher affinity than methyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoside (Mandal, D. K., Kishore, N.,(More)
The concentrations of methyl glycosides, oligosaccharides, glycopeptides, and glycoproteins can be accurately determined by using calibration curves composed of the appropriate monosaccharide(s) obtained with a modified version of the colorimetric phenol-sulfuric acid method. Calibration curves of micrograms sugar vs. 490 nm for Man, Glc, or Gal are shown(More)
Binding of a series of synthetic multivalent carbohydrate analogs to the Man/Glc-specific lectins concanavalin A and Dioclea grandiflora lectin was investigated by isothermal titration microcalorimetry. Dimeric analogs possessing terminal alpha-D-mannopyranoside residues, and di-, tri-, and tetrameric analogs possessing terminal 3,(More)
We have investigated the binding of a series of high affinity asparagine-linked glycopeptides, including high mannose type and a bisected hybrid type, and several related synthetic oligosaccharides, to Ca2+- Mn2+-concanavalin A (ConA), using solvent proton nuclear relaxation dispersion (NMRD) measurements. We find that binding of the glycopeptides induces a(More)
The high affinity (K(d) = 0.2 nM) of the soybean agglutinin (SBA), a tetrameric GalNAc specific lectin, for a modified form of porcine submaxillary mucin, a linear glycoprotein, with a molecular mass of approximately 10(6) Da and approximately 2300 GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr residues (Tn-PSM) has been ascribed to an internal diffusion mechanism that involves(More)
The carbohydrate binding specificities of the galectin family of animal lectins has been the source of intense recent investigations. Isothermal titration microcalorimetry (ITC) provides direct determination of the thermodynamics of binding of carbohydrates to lectins, and has provided important insights into the fine carbohydrate binding specificities of a(More)