Curtis A. Clark

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BACKGROUND Recent studies show that activated factor VII (FVIIa) binds to the endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR) on the vascular endothelium; however, the importance of this interaction in hemostasis or pathophysiology is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the FVIIa interaction with EPCR on the(More)
Recent studies have shown that factor VIIa (FVIIa) binds to the endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR), a cellular receptor for protein C and activated protein C, but the physiologic significance of this interaction is unclear. In the present study, we show that FVIIa, upon binding to EPCR on endothelial cells, activates endogenous protease activated(More)
PD-L1 antibodies produce efficacious clinical responses in diverse human cancers, but the basis for their effects remains unclear, leaving a gap in the understanding of how to rationally leverage therapeutic activity. PD-L1 is widely expressed in tumor cells, but its contributions to tumor pathogenicity are incompletely understood. In this study, we(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa pulmonary infection compromises the human airway epithelium, and can be especially devastating to immunocompromised or debilitated individuals. We have reported earlier that P. aeruginosa elastase (PE) increases paracellular permeability in epithelial cell monolayers by mechanisms involving tight junction (TJ) disruption and(More)
To characterize the factors that contribute to the killing of type 3 S. pneumoniae, human neutrophils were obtained from healthy donors and incubated with viable organisms. In contrast to prior observations with other pneumococcal serotypes, killing was not detected when 10(6) colony forming units (cfu) were incubated at 37 degrees C for 2-4 hours with(More)
Immunoenzyme staining for tissue antigens using glucose oxidase as marker enzyme was compared with immunoperoxidase techniques. Both the indirect, conjugated antibody method and the unlabeled antibody procedure employing preformed complexes of glucose oxidase-antiglucose oxidase (GAG) and peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) were used to stain carcinoembryonic(More)
To assess the effects of advanced age on the nonspecific antimicrobial activity of resident alveolar macrophages (AM), superoxide anion (O2-) release and the phagocytic and bactericidal capacity of cells from three genetically distinct murine strains were evaluated. In initial experiments, resident AM, obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage of pathogen-free(More)
Endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR) is the cellular receptor for protein C (PC) and activated protein C (APC). Studies from our laboratory1 and others2,3 have shown that FVII/FVIIa also binds to EPCR in a true-ligand fashion. Recently, it has been suggested that FX4 and FXa5 can bind to EPCR and these interactions may play a role in regulating(More)
Recent in vitro studies have shown that the zymogen and activated form of factor (F)VII bind to endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR). At present, there is no evidence that FVIIa binds to EPCR on vascular endothelium in vivo in the presence of circulating protein C, a primary ligand for EPCR. The present study was carried out to investigate the(More)
To assess the effects of advanced age on the ability of circulating neutrophils to respond to biologically relevant chemoattractants, cells were isolated from the peripheral blood of pathogen and disease-free C57BL/6 mice and evaluated in a microchemotaxis chamber. The responses of granulocytes obtained from senescent mice (26-28 months) to the chemotactic(More)