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The neurotoxic amino acid β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is produced by most cyanobacteria. BMAA is considered as a potential health threat because of its putative role in neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously observed cognitive disturbances and morphological brain changes in adult rodents exposed to BMAA during the development. The aim of this(More)
A comparison of platinum-group element (PGE) emission between gasoline and diesel engine catalytic converters is reported within this work. Whole raw exhaust fumes from four catalysts of three different types were examined during their useful lifetime, from fresh to 80,000 km. Two were gasoline engine catalysts (Pt-Pd-Rh and Pd-Rh), while the other two were(More)
Hydrogen bonding has been identified as an important parameter for describing drug permeability. Recently, we derived models for predicting intestinal permeability using the hydrogen bonding descriptors polar surface area (PSA) and number of hydrogen bond donors (HBD), and a lipophilicity descriptor [J. Med. Chem. 41 (1998) 4939]. We have now explored other(More)
A LC-MS/MS method for the chiral separation of metoprolol and two of its main metabolites, α-hydroxymetoprolol (α-OH-Met) and deaminated metoprolol (COOH-Met), in environmental water samples has been developed. The target bases, metoprolol and α-OH-Met, as well as the acidic metabolite (COOH-Met) were extracted from water samples by a solid phase extraction(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic profiling represents a novel technology for analyzing tumor cells. Epithelial ovarian carcinoma has a low survival rate due to the development of aggressive and chemotherapy-resistant cells. A tailored and reliable protocol is presented for profiling of chemoresistant cells using the cell line SKOV3 and a multiresistant subline SKOV3R.(More)
LC–MS based global metabolite profiling currently lacks detailed guidelines to demonstrate that the obtained data is of high enough analytical quality. Insufficient data quality may result in the failure to generate a hypothesis, or in the worst case, a false or skewed hypothesis. After assessing the literature, it is apparent that an analytically focused(More)
A correlation of the logarithmic values of the in vitro dissolution rate, G, and apparent solubility, S, was made for seven different drug substances from all of the classes in the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS), in four different phosphate buffers. The effect of inorganic salts added as sodium chloride, sodium nitrate, sodium phosphate and(More)
AKT is a central protein in many cellular pathways such as cell survival, proliferation, glucose uptake, metabolism, angiogenesis, as well as radiation and drug response. The three isoforms of AKT (AKT1, AKT2 and AKT3) are proposed to have different physiological functions, properties and expression patterns in a cell type-dependent manner. As of yet, not(More)
An enantioselective method for the determination of fluoxetine (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and its pharmacologically active metabolite norfluoxetine has been developed for raw and treated wastewater samples. The stable isotope-labeled fluoxetine and norfluoxetine were used in an extended way for extraction recovery calculations at trace level(More)