Curt Einarsson

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This investigation describes the expression and interindividual variability in transcript levels of multiple drug efflux systems in the human jejunum and compares the expression profiles in these cells with that of the commonly used Caco-2 cell drug absorption model. Transcript levels of ten-drug efflux proteins of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter(More)
The major cholesterol oxidation products in the human circulation are 27-hydroxycholesterol, 24-hydroxycholesterol, and 7alpha-hydroxycholesterol. These oxysterols are formed from cholesterol by specific cytochrome P450 enzymes, CYP27, CYP46, and CYP7A, respectively. An additional oxysterol present in concentrations comparable with 7alpha- and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Rifampicin (RIFA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) improve symptoms and biochemical markers of liver injury in cholestatic liver diseases by largely unknown mechanisms. We aimed to study the molecular mechanisms of action of these drugs in humans. METHODS Thirty otherwise healthy gallstone patients scheduled for cholestectomy were(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is an increased risk of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in patients with longstanding, extensive colonic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Primary sclerosing cholangitis, family history of CRC, mucosal dysplasia and DNA-aneuploidy are other risk factors. Recently, results from animal studies have shown that the bile acid ursodeoxycholic(More)
Sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP 8B1) is a microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme involved in bile acid synthesis that is of critical importance for the composition of bile acids formed in the liver. Thyroidectomy of rats caused a more than twofold increase of CYP8B1 and an almost fourfold increase of the corresponding mRNA levels compared to sham-operated rats.(More)
Fibrates are a group of hypolipidemic agents that efficiently lower serum triglyceride levels by affecting the expression of many genes involved in lipid metabolism. These effects are exerted via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). In addition, fibrates also lower serum cholesterol levels, suggesting a possible link between the(More)
Gallstone disease is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal diseases with a substantial burden to health care systems that is supposed to increase in ageing populations at risk. Aetiology and pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones still are not well defined, and strategies for prevention and efficient nonsurgical therapies are missing. This review(More)
As previously reported by us, mice with targeted disruption of the CYP8B1 gene (CYP8B1-/-) fail to produce cholic acid (CA), upregulate their bile acid synthesis, reduce the absorption of dietary cholesterol and, after cholesterol feeding, accumulate less liver cholesterol than wild-type (CYP8B1+/+) mice. In the present study, cholesterol-enriched diet(More)
Coordinated regulation of bile acid biosynthesis, the predominant pathway for hepatic cholesterol catabolism, is mediated by few key nuclear receptors including the orphan receptors liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha), small heterodimer partner (SHP), and the bile acid receptor FXR (farnesoid X receptor).(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify how different degrees of cholesterol synthesis inhibition affect human hepatic cholesterol metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-seven normocholesterolemic gallstone patients randomized to treatment with placebo, 20 mg/d fluvastatin, or 80 mg/d atorvastatin for 4 weeks were studied. Based on serum(More)