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This investigation describes the expression and interindividual variability in transcript levels of multiple drug efflux systems in the human jejunum and compares the expression profiles in these cells with that of the commonly used Caco-2 cell drug absorption model. Transcript levels of ten-drug efflux proteins of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bile acids (BAs) are major regulators of hepatic BA and lipid metabolism but their mechanisms of action in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are still poorly understood. Here we aimed to explore the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in modulating the cross-talk between liver and visceral white(More)
BACKGROUND Two acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) genes, ACAT1 and ACAT2, have been identified that encode 2 proteins responsible for intracellular cholesterol esterification. METHODS AND RESULTS In this study, immunohistology was used to establish their cellular localization in human liver biopsies. ACAT2 protein expression was confined(More)
Cholesterol supersaturation of bile is one prerequisite for gallstone formation. In the present study of Chinese patients with gallstones, we investigated whether this phenomenon was correlated with the hepatic expression of genes participating in the metabolism of cholesterol and bile acids. Twenty-two nonobese, normolipidemic patients (female-male, 11:11)(More)
As previously reported by us, mice with targeted disruption of the CYP8B1 gene (CYP8B1-/-) fail to produce cholic acid (CA), upregulate their bile acid synthesis, reduce the absorption of dietary cholesterol and, after cholesterol feeding, accumulate less liver cholesterol than wild-type (CYP8B1+/+) mice. In the present study, cholesterol-enriched diet(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify how different degrees of cholesterol synthesis inhibition affect human hepatic cholesterol metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-seven normocholesterolemic gallstone patients randomized to treatment with placebo, 20 mg/d fluvastatin, or 80 mg/d atorvastatin for 4 weeks were studied. Based on serum(More)
Cholesterol supersaturation of bile is one prerequisite for gallstone formation. In the present study of Chinese patients with gallstones, we investigated whether this phenomenon was correlated with the hepatic expression of genes participating in the metabolism of cholesterol and bile acids. Twenty-two nonobese, normolipidemic patients (female-male, 11:11)(More)
Gallstones are a risk factor for the development of gallbladder cancer. We studied DNA ploidy and cell cycle composition by flow cytometry in archival specimens from 52 gall bladder carcinomas in relation to histopathological grade, tumour stage, gallstone number and survival. 69% of the gallbladder carcinomas showed aneuploidy. All tumours with single(More)
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