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A search of the scientific literature was carried out for physiochemical and biological data [i.e., IC50, LD50, Kp (cm/h) for percutaneous absorption, skin/water and tissue/blood partition coefficients, inhibition ki values, and metabolic parameters such as Vmax and Km] on 31 organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) to support the development of predictive(More)
Consumer products are a primary source of chemical exposures, yet little structured information is available on the chemical ingredients of these products and the concentrations at which ingredients are present. To address this data gap, we created a database of chemicals in consumer products using product Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) publicly(More)
Our interest in providing parameters for the development of quantitative structure physiologically based pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (QSPBPK/PD) models for assessing health risks to carbamates (USEPA 2005) comes from earlier work with organophosphorus (OP) insecticides (Knaak et al. 2004). Parameters specific to each carbamate are needed in the(More)
The federal laws and regulations governing the registration and use of pesticides in the United States under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act are published in the Federal Register, while state laws such as California are published in the California Food and Agricultural Code, Divisions 6, 7, and 13. Up until the passage of the Food(More)
Effects of toxaphene were studied with the ventral nerve cord (VNC) of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana (L). Intense forms of activity were observed in isolated nerve preparations treated with toxaphene. Latent periods between introduction of toxaphene and onset of intense activity decreased as the concentrations were increased.
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