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The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcriptional program is characterized by repression of E-cadherin (CDH1) and induction of N-cadherin (CDH2), and mesenchymal genes like vimentin (VIM). Placenta-specific 8 (PLAC8) has been implicated in colon cancer; however, how PLAC8 contributes to disease is unknown, and endogenous PLAC8 protein has not(More)
Mutations of the polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene have been shown to cause autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), but the cellular functions of the gene product (PKHD1) remain uncharacterized. To illuminate its properties, the spatial and temporal expression patterns of PKHD1 were determined in mouse, rat, and human(More)
In Drosophila, naked cuticle is an inducible antagonist of the Wnt-beta-catenin pathway, likely acting at the level of Dishevelled (Dsh/Dvl), an essential component of this pathway. The mechanism by which naked cuticle and its two vertebrate orthologs, Naked1 (NKD1) and Naked2 (NKD2), inhibit Dvl function is unknown. NKD2 is myristoylated, a(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is caused by mutations in PKHD1, which encodes the membrane-associated receptor-like protein fibrocystin/polyductin (FPC). FPC associates with the primary cilia of epithelial cells and co-localizes with the Pkd2 gene product polycystin-2 (PC2), suggesting that these two proteins may function in a common(More)
Autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney disease are caused by mutations in Pkd1/Pkd2 and Pkhd1, which encode polycystins (PCs) and fibrocystin/polyductin (FPC). Our recent study reported that a deficiency in FPC increases the severity of cystic disease in Pkd2 mutants and down-regulates PC2 in vivo, but the precise(More)
Wnt and EGFR signaling play key roles in embryonic development and cell proliferation. It is well documented that dysregulation of these two pathways often leads to tumorigenesis with poor prognosis. However, the possible crosstalk between the two pathways in cancer development is largely unknown. Although some reports show that EGFR might antagonize Wnt(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor ligands transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and amphiregulin are delivered to the basolateral surface of polarized epithelial cells where they are cleaved by TACE/ADAM17. Basolateral sorting information resides in their cytoplasmic tail domains, but tail-interacting proteins required for basolateral trafficking(More)
Loss of polycystin-2 (PC2) in mice (Pkd2(-/-)) results in total body edema, focal hemorrhage, structural cardiac defects, abnormal left-right axis, hepatorenal and pancreatic cysts, and embryonic lethality. The molecular mechanisms by which loss of PC2 leads to these phenotypes remain unknown. We generated a model to allow targeted Pkd2 inactivation using(More)
Mutations in the PKHD1 gene result in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) in humans. To determine the molecular mechanism of the cystogenesis in ARPKD, we recently generated a mouse model for ARPKD that carries a targeted mutation in the mouse orthologue of human PKHD1. The homozygous mutant mice display hepatorenal cysts whose phenotypes(More)