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Using the scanning ion-selective electrode technique, fluxes of H+, Na+, and Cl- were investigated in roots and derived protoplasts of salt-tolerant Populus euphratica and salt-sensitive Populus popularis 35-44 (P. popularis). Compared to P. popularis, P. euphratica roots exhibited a higher capacity to extrude Na+ after a short-term exposure to 50 mM NaCl(More)
Using the non-invasively ion-selective microelectrode technique, flux profiles of K(+), Na(+) and H(+) in mature roots and apical regions, and the effects of Ca(2+) on ion fluxes were investigated in salt-tolerant poplar species, Populus euphratica Oliver and salt-sensitive Populus simonii x (P. pyramidalis + Salix matsudana) (Populus popularis 35-44, P.(More)
Using the Affymetrix poplar genome array, we explored the leaf transcriptome of salt-tolerant Populus euphratica Oliv. and salt-sensitive P. popularis 35-44 (P. popularis) under control and saline conditions. Our objective was to clarify the genomic differences in regulating K+/Na+ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis between the two species.(More)
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus is the only evergreen broadleaf shrub in the northwest desert of China, which can survive long-term aridity and extremely cold environments. In order to understand the genetic mechanisms underlying stress tolerance and adaptation to unfavorable environments of woody plants, an EST approach was used to investigate expression(More)
A cDNA clone was isolated after difference screening from cotyledons of two-week cold-treated Ammopiptanthus mongolicus. The full-length cDNA sequence [designated as AmCIP (A. mongolicus cold-induced protein) gene] was 806 bp long and contained a 465 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 16.6 kD protein of 154 amino acids. Bioinformatic analyses indicated(More)
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus, the only evergreen broadleaf shrub endemic to the northwest desert of China, is a valuable species for plant abiotic stress research. No report has so far described the selection of reference genes to get stringent normalization for qPCR in A. mongolicus. This work identified reliable reference genes for normalization of qPCR data(More)
Extracellular ATP (eATP) has been implicated in mediating plant growth and antioxidant defense; however, it is largely unknown whether eATP might mediate salinity tolerance. We used confocal microscopy, a non-invasive vibrating ion-selective microelectrode, and quantitative real time PCR analysis to evaluate the physiological significance of eATP in the(More)
Apyrase and extracellular ATP play crucial roles in mediating plant growth and defense responses. In the cold-tolerant poplar, Populus euphratica, low temperatures up-regulate APYRASE2 (PeAPY2) expression in callus cells. We investigated the biochemical characteristics of PeAPY2 and its role in cold tolerance. We found that PeAPY2 predominantly localized to(More)
Cholesterol-enriched microdomains, also called lipid rafts, are nanoscale membrane structures with a high degree of structural order. Since these microdomains play important roles in dynamic cytological events, such as cell signalling and membrane trafficking, the detection and tracking of microdomain behaviours are crucial to studies on modern membrane(More)
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus is the only evergreen broadleaf shrub endemic to the Alashan desert, northwest sand area of China, and can survive -30 degrees C or an even lower temperature in winter. A modified solid-phase subtraction hybridization technique was developed to isolate and screen cDNAs whose transcripts increased in cold-treated A. mongolicus(More)