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OBJECTIVE It has been hypothesized that people who typically report experiencing negative emotions are at greater risk for disease and those who typically report positive emotions are at less risk. We tested these hypotheses for host resistance to the common cold. METHODS Three hundred thirty-four healthy volunteers aged 18 to 54 years were assessed for(More)
OBJECTIVE Low childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for adult morbidity and mortality primarily attributable to cardiovascular disease. Here, we examine whether childhood SES is associated with adult host resistance to infectious illness, and whether the effect is limited to a critical period of low SES exposure, can be undone by changes in(More)
OBJECTIVE We ask whether subjective socioeconomic status (SES) predicts who develops a common cold when exposed to a cold virus. DESIGN 193 healthy men and women ages 21-55 years were assessed for subjective (perceived rank) and objective SES, cognitive, affective and social dispositions, and health practices. Subsequently, they were exposed by nasal(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep quality is thought to be an important predictor of immunity and, in turn, susceptibility to the common cold. This article examines whether sleep duration and efficiency in the weeks preceding viral exposure are associated with cold susceptibility. METHODS A total of 153 healthy men and women (age range, 21-55 years) volunteered to(More)
OBJECTIVE This report reviews the literature to identify the advances in our understanding of the middle ear (ME)-Eustachian tube (ET) system during the past 4 years and, on that basis, to determine whether the short-term goals elaborated in the last report were achieved and propose updated goals to guide future otitis media (OM) research. DATA SOURCES(More)
Calcification of the intervertebral disc is a common occurrence in the adult population, but it is rare in children. However, its radiological and clinical findings are well described in the pediatric age group, with close to 150 publications on record. In contrast, little information is available regarding the histological features of this entity, which(More)
OBJECTIVE In an earlier study, positive emotional style (PES) was associated with resistance to the common cold and a bias to underreport (relative to objective disease markers) symptom severity. This work did not control for social and cognitive factors closely associated with PES. We replicate the original study using a different virus and controls for(More)
Previous studies suggested that the otitis media (OM) complication rate of viral upper respiratory infection (vURI) is conditioned by genes affecting cytokine production. Two hundred and thirty children (114 male; 187 White, 25 Black; aged 1-9.3 years, average=3.6+/-1.6 years) were prospectively followed over the typical cold season for cold-like illness(More)
There is considerable evidence that social relationships can influence health, but only limited evidence on the health effects of the personality characteristics that are thought to mold people's social lives. We asked whether sociability predicts resistance to infectious disease and whether this relationship is attributable to the quality and quantity of(More)