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OBJECTIVE It has been hypothesized that people who typically report experiencing negative emotions are at greater risk for disease and those who typically report positive emotions are at less risk. We tested these hypotheses for host resistance to the common cold. METHODS Three hundred thirty-four healthy volunteers aged 18 to 54 years were assessed for(More)
OBJECTIVE Low childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is a risk factor for adult morbidity and mortality primarily attributable to cardiovascular disease. Here, we examine whether childhood SES is associated with adult host resistance to infectious illness, and whether the effect is limited to a critical period of low SES exposure, can be undone by changes in(More)
There is considerable evidence that social relationships can influence health, but only limited evidence on the health effects of the personality characteristics that are thought to mold people's social lives. We asked whether sociability predicts resistance to infectious disease and whether this relationship is attributable to the quality and quantity of(More)
OBJECTIVE We ask whether subjective socioeconomic status (SES) predicts who develops a common cold when exposed to a cold virus. DESIGN 193 healthy men and women ages 21-55 years were assessed for subjective (perceived rank) and objective SES, cognitive, affective and social dispositions, and health practices. Subsequently, they were exposed by nasal(More)
OBJECTIVE In an earlier study, positive emotional style (PES) was associated with resistance to the common cold and a bias to underreport (relative to objective disease markers) symptom severity. This work did not control for social and cognitive factors closely associated with PES. We replicate the original study using a different virus and controls for(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep quality is thought to be an important predictor of immunity and, in turn, susceptibility to the common cold. This article examines whether sleep duration and efficiency in the weeks preceding viral exposure are associated with cold susceptibility. METHODS A total of 153 healthy men and women (age range, 21-55 years) volunteered to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role played by the tensor veli palatini and levator veli palatini muscles (mTVP and mLVP, respectively) in eustachian tube (ET) opening. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Research laboratories at a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS Fifteen healthy adults with normal middle ears and documented ET openings. INTERVENTIONS(More)
OBJECTIVE Describes a method of dynamic video-endoscopy of the Eustachian tube (ET) orifice at the nasopharynx to quantitatively represent ET component movements during swallowing using a graphic function and analyze their importance to its opening mechanics. METHODS This was a pilot study of relational event capture using a polar coordinate system(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Describe the relationship between the magnitude of eustachian tube (ET) dilation during swallowing observed on transnasal videoendoscopy and quantified by sonotubometry. STUDY DESIGN Descriptive observational study. METHODS Simultaneous transnasal videoendoscopic and sonotubometric recordings were done on 33 adults with no middle(More)
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