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OBJECTIVE Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities with insulin resistance (IR) as a major component. It has been recently questioned whether MetS and its related components are associated with functional and morphological alterations of the thyroid gland. The aim of our study is to examine thyroid volume and nodule prevalence in a(More)
Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare form of thyroid dysgenesis, in which one thyroid lobe fails to develop. The true prevalence of this rare abnormality is about 0.05-0.2% in normal population. We aimed to determine prevalence of thyroid hemiagenesis in patients with various thyroid disorders and a normal population in a mild to moderate iodine-deficient area.(More)
SUMMARY Kimura disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder mimicking malignancy. Nodes are present in the submental and submandibular regions, within the parotid gland, and in the upper cervical chain. On gray scale sonograms, they are hypoechoic and round, with normal hilar architecture and homogeneous internal echoes. On power Doppler sonograms, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance (IR) is a key factor involved in the pathogenesis of impaired glucose metabolism. IR is associated with increased thyroid volume and nodule prevalence in patients with metabolic syndrome. Data on the association of thyroid morphology and abnormal glucose metabolism are limited. This prospective study was carried out to evaluate(More)
The present retrospective study aimed to investigate the relationship between thyroid volume and prevalence of thyroid cancer. We investigated the data of 3,850 patients who underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Biopsy results were evaluated as diagnostic or nondiagnostic, and diagnostic results were classified as benign, malignant, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of metformin on thyroid volume and nodule size. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Prospective data were gathered on 100 newly diagnosed subjects with insulin resistance (68 female, 32 male) between August 2008 and May 2010. Each subject followed a standard diet and exercise program, and received 1,700(More)
OBJECTIVE Thyroid volume and the prevalence of thyroid nodules are higher in patients with insulin resistance. A relationship between thyroid volume and glucose metabolism disorders (GMD) has not as yet been clarified. The present retrospective study aimed to investigate the association between GMD and thyroid volume. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We investigated(More)
PURPOSE Thyroid disorders including iodine deficiency during pregnancy are important health problems worldwide. However, considering real life, assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of physicians is lacking. We aim to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of physicians towards thyroid disorders and requirements of iodine during pregnancy on(More)
OBJECTIVE Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is usually classified into two types: type 1, in which a high iodine content triggers the autonomous production of thyroid hormone; and type 2, in which destructive thyroiditis causes the release of preformed thyroid hormone. AIT is a difficult management problem that sometimes requires ablative thyroid(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a difference exists in terms of obtaining adequate cytologic samples from ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (US-FNAC) between experienced and inexperienced physicians in a tertiary referral center. METHODS In a prospective design, all patients with thyroid nodules of at least 10 mm in diameter were referred(More)