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Messenger RNAs homologous to a cDNA clone (pTOM 13) derived from a ripe-tomato-specific cDNA library are expressed during tomato fruit ripening and after the wounding of leaf and green fruit material. Both responses involve the synthesis of the hormone ethylene. Accumulation of the pTOM 13--homologous RNA during ripening is rapid and sustained, and reaches(More)
The findings at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in a group of 36 pathologically verified supratentorial gliomas were analyzed and compared with the biopsy diagnoses (a) to determine whether MR imaging could be used to classify astrocytic-series tumors into a three-tiered system of low-grade astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, and glioblastoma multiforme;(More)
PURPOSE To examine the incidence of neurologic complications associated with modern cerebral angiography and to assess patient characteristics associated with an increased risk of complications. METHODS One thousand consecutive cerebral angiographic procedures were evaluated prospectively. Examinations were performed using transfemoral catheterization and(More)
The 2a isoenzyme of tomato polygalacturonase was purified from ripe fruit and characterised. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protein was determined in order to identify polygalacturonase cDNA clones. The nucleotide sequence of a ripening-related cDNA (pTOM 6) was determined and found to encode the N-terminal sequence of mature polygalacturonase(More)
Cell wall softening during tomato fruit ripening is brought about through the action of a number of pectolytic enzymes. We have reported previously the cloning and characterisation of the cDNA for the major cell wall softening (degrading) enzyme, polygalacturonase [Grierson, D., Tucker, G. A., Keen, J., Ray, J., Bird, C. R. and Schuch, W. (1986) Nucleic(More)
mRNA was extracted from the pulp and peel of preclimacteric (d 0) bananas (Musa AAA group, cv Grand Nain) and those exposed to ethylene gas for 24 h and stored in air alone for a further 1 (d 2) and 4 d (d 5). Two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of in vitro translation products from the pulp and peel of these fruits(More)
Exo-galactanase/beta-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.23) activity is thought to be responsible for the loss of galactosyl residues from the cell walls of ripening tomatoes. Transgenic tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill cv. Ailsa Craig) with reduced exo-galactanase/beta-galactosidase mRNA were generated to test this hypothesis and to investigate the role of(More)
An exo-(1-->4)-beta-D-galactanase was isolated from ripe tomato fruit (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv Ailsa Craig and cv Better Boy) using anion-exchange, gel filtration, and cation-exchange chromatography. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the most active fraction revealed a predominant protein band at 75 kD and several minor(More)
Full length and truncated cDNA expression constructs of the phytoene synthase (psy) gene from tomato have been ligated into a pUC8 cloning vector. One of the truncated constructs was introduced into Escherichia coli carrying the Erwinia uredovora GGPP synthase gene. This transformant produced 15,15'-cis-phytoene, which was identified on the basis of its UV(More)
While head motion is considered a significant problem in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is no data to quantify its extent, severity, or effect on image quality. PROPELLER (Periodically Rotated Overlapping ParallEL Lines with Enhanced Reconstruction) MRI offers a novel means of quantifying and compensating for head motion. We performed axial(More)