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DNAbeta is a satellite molecule associated with some monopartite begomoviruses and encodes a single gene (betaC1), which is highly conserved in position and size among DNAbeta molecules. A 955 nt fragment of Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) DNAbeta, upstream of the translation start site of betaC1 gene was tested for its promoter activity with(More)
Our previous study has shown that VIT1 gene in Chinese vitiligo patients is de facto the FBXO11 gene, and the silencing of that gene has an impact on the ultrastructure of melanocytes. In this study, we further identified the role of the FBXO11 gene in melanocytes and the relationship between dilated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and tyrosinase by inhibition(More)
According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, about one million children annually develop tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, accounting for about 11% of all TB cases. Pediatric pulmonary TB (PTB) is often not considered a priority by national TB control programs, because limited resources restrict the focus of national TB control programs to only the(More)
Niacin and its related derivatives have been shown to have effects on cellular activities. However, the molecular mechanism of its reduced immunosuppressive effects and photoprotective effects remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the photoprotective effect of niacin in ultraviolet(More)
It has been shown that the VIT1 gene is down-regulated in vitiligo melanocytes, but the expression of the VIT1 gene in melanocytes of Chinese patients with vitiligo and the potential function of VIT1 in pathogenesis of vitiligo are not as well known. In this study, we first compared VIT1 gene expression in melanocytes cultured from non-lesional skin of(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) is an opportunistic pathogen with low pathogenicity and a cause of the repeated outbreak of bovine mastitis in veterinary clinical settings. In this report, a biofilm model of S. epidermidis was generated and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and sub-MIC (SMIC) on bacterial cultures were assessed for the(More)
Swollen endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is commonly observed in the melanocytes of vitiligo patients; however, the cause and proteins involved in this remain to be elucidated. Oxidative stress has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of vitiligo and previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced melanocyte apoptosis, whereas(More)
Melagenine, extracted from human placenta, has been shown to be effective in treating patients with vitiligo, yet the mechanisms of melagenine in inducing the repigmentation of vitiligo patients have not been fully investigated. Recent studies have suggested that melagenine stimulates melanocyte proliferation and melanogenesis. In this study, we utilized(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent one of the most important categories of membrane proteins that play important roles in signaling pathways. GPCRs transduce the extracellular stimuli into intracellular second messengers via their coupling to specific class of heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) and the subsequent regulation of a(More)
Human vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting skin disorder characterized by milk-white skin macules resulting from a chronic and progressive loss of melanocytes. It has been suggested that autoimmune mechanisms are involved in this disorder. We undertook this project to obtain an MCHR1-C linear peptide containing four main MCHR1 B-cell epitopes in an attempt(More)
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