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NAC family genes encode plant-specific transcription factors involved in diverse biological processes. In this study, the Arabidopsis NAC gene ATAF1 was found to be induced by drought, high-salinity, abscisic acid (ABA), methyl jasmonate, mechanical wounding, and Botrytis cinerea infection. Significant induction of ATAF1 was found in an ABA-deficient mutant(More)
Acidosis, a critical aspect of central nervous system (CNS) pathophysiology and a metabolic corollary of the hypoxic stem cell niche, could be an expedient trigger for hippocampal neurogenesis and brain repair. We recently tracked the function of our isoxazole stem cell-modulator small molecules (Isx) through a chemical biology-target discovery strategy to(More)
Naringin, a major active flavonone glycoside from a traditional Chinese medicine Huajuhong, has been demonstrated to have activities such as peripheral antitussive, mucoregulator and anti-inflammatory. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the metabolism and mass balance of orally administered naringin in rats and dogs. After oral administration of(More)
The toxicokinetic characteristics of naringin were investigated in rats that had been orally administered naringin extract, a candidate for oral treatment of cough, prepared from Citrus grandis "Tomentosa", at 50, 250, or 1250 mg/kg/day in a repeated-dose study for 1, 32, 93, or 184 days. Increased values of the mean systemic exposure were approximately(More)
Patterns of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in infants and children suggest vulnerability in regions of white matter development, and injured patients develop defects in myelination resulting in cerebral palsy and motor deficits. Reperfusion exacerbates the oxidative stress that occurs after such injuries and may impair recovery. Resuscitation after(More)
A sensitive rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed to determine the pharmacokinetics of ginsenoside Rb(1), Rb(2), and Rb(3) in rats, after oral administration (50mg/kg) and intravenous administration (10mg/kg) of Rb(1), Rb(2), and Rb(3), respectively. The plasma samples were extracted by saturated N-butanol with(More)
Vaccines produced in plant systems are safe and economical; however, the extensive application of plant-based vaccines is mainly hindered by low expression levels of heterologous proteins in plant systems. Here, we demonstrated that the post-transcriptional gene silencing suppressor p19 protein from tomato bushy stunt virus substantially enhanced the(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to be 'seed cell' in cancer recurrence and metastasis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can play an important role in the progression of primary tumor towards metastasis by regulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of miRNA-200c overexpression on the EMT,(More)
Salt cress (Thellungiella halophila), a salt-tolerant relative of Arabidopsis, has turned to be an important model plant for studying abiotic stress tolerance. One binary bacterial artificial chromosome (BIBAC) library was constructed which represents the first plant-transformation-competent large-insert DNA library generated for Thellungiella halophila.(More)
Aconitine (AC) is a highly toxic alkaloid from bioactive plants of the genus Aconitum, some of which have been widely used as medicinal herbs for thousands of years. In this study, we systematically evaluated the potential role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the mechanisms underlying the low and variable bioavailability of oral AC. First, the bidirectional(More)