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In the present study, we investigated the ability of phorbol esters to potentiate Ca2+-dependent depolarization-induced release of tritium-labeled dopamine ([3H]DA) from median eminence and striatal synaptosomes. Phorbol esters potentiated [3H]DA release in a concentration-dependent manner in both kinds of dopaminergic nerve terminals and with a potency(More)
We have examined the changes that occur in neuronal expression of LHRH mRNA in response to castration and hyperprolactinemia in male rats. Single cell levels of LHRH mRNA were determined by quantitative in situ hybridization histochemistry using an 35S-labeled synthetic 48-base oligodeoxynucleotide probe and quantitative autoradiography. Nine days(More)
To study the inhibitory effect of Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on the responsive hyperplasia of damaged astrocytes in vitro. We prepared damaged model of astrocytes to simulate the responsive hyperplasia of damaged astrocytes in vivo by culturing astrocytes in vitro; After the first day of Ad-HGF transfection, astrocytes were scratched, then after the(More)
We have examined the changes which occur in neuronal expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in response to castration and hyperprolactinemia (HP) in male rats. Steady-state mRNA levels were determined by quantitative in situ hybridization histochemistry (ISHH) using 35S-labeled synthetic 48-base oligodeoxynucleotide(More)
It has been shown previously that 5 alpha-pregnan-3 alpha-ol-20-one (5 alpha 3 alpha P) can inhibit prolactin release from anterior pituitary gland cells in culture through an interaction with a specific modulatory site on the GABAA receptor complex in anterior pituitary gland membranes. In the present work, this receptor site has been labelled with(More)
The interaction of 5 alpha-pregnane-3 alpha-ol-20-one (5 alpha 3 alpha P), a progesterone metabolite, with the GABAA receptor chloride channel complex was investigated at the pituitary level. In nanomolar concentrations this steroid potentiated the inhibitory effect of muscimol (a GABAA agonist) on prolactin release from rat pituitary cells in culture. In(More)
In the present study we utilized the 7315a PRL- and ACTH-secreting tumor to induce a hyperprolactinemic (HP) state sufficient to profoundly suppress the postcastration LH rise in female rats. Tumor-induced prolactin levels which ranged 2,000-3,000 ng/ml substantially reduced the LH rise in both ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX + estradiol-17 beta (E2)-treated(More)
We investigated Ca2+-dependent, depolarization-induced release of substance P (SP) and LH-RH from medial basal hypothalamic (MBH) and substantia nigra (SN) synaptosomes prepared from male rat brain. Depolarization of MBH synaptosomes evoked significant release of SP from 10.0 +/- 0.1 (5 mM K+) to 28.0 +/- 2.4 (75 mM K+) pg released/10 seconds. Fractional(More)
In addition to its classical growth hormone (GH) inhibiting action, somatostatin (SRIF) inhibits prolactin (PRL) secretion in man and rat under specific endocrine conditions. Furthermore, SRIF counteracts the thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) stimulated prolactin release from rat adenohypophysis in vitro. Two(More)
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