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Tumor formation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens involves the transfer and integration of a defined segment (T-DNA) of tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid DNA into the plant nuclear genome. A set of plasmid genes outside the T-DNA, the vir genes, are thought to mediate the transfer process. We report here that the virD operon encodes a site-specific endonuclease that(More)
The soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens can incite tumors in many dicotyledonous plants by transferring a portion (T-DNA) of its Ti plasmid into susceptible plant cells. The T-DNA is flanked by border sequences that serve as recognition sites for specific cleavage by an endonuclease that comprises two virD-encoded proteins (VirD1 and VirD2). After(More)
Broad-host-range plasmid RK2 encodes several different kil genes which are potentially lethal to an Escherichia coli host. The kil genes and the essential RK2 replication gene trfA are regulated by the products of kor genes. We have shown previously that kilA can be controlled by a constitutively expressed korA gene. In this study, we have found that the(More)
In Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a cis-active 24-base-pair sequence adjacent to the right border of the T-DNA, called overdrive, stimulates tumor formation by increasing the level of T-DNA processing. Recent results from our laboratory have suggested that the virC operon which enhances T-DNA processing probably does so because the VirC1 protein interacts with(More)
UV light is absorbed in the epidermis and induces sunburn cell formation. It has been reported that HSP70 increases the UVB resistance of cell lines by in vitro experiments using various cell lines. In this study, hsp70.1(-/-) KO mouse was used in order to study the role of HSP70 after UVB irradiation. Western blotting showed a decreased level of HSP70 in(More)
We report the molecular cloning and initial characterization of a novel fatty acid acylated serine/threonine protein kinase. The putative open reading frame is predicted to encode a 305 amino acid protein possessing a carboxy-terminal protein kinase domain and amino-terminal myristylation and palmitylation sites. The protein kinase has been accordingly(More)
The kil and kor genes of RK2 are novel genetic determinants further that the kil and kor network constitutes a replication regulon, and that perhaps the function of this regulon is to ensure expression of trfA at appropriate levels. The complexity of this regulon may reflect an ability of the system to adapt to the intracellular environments of a variety of(More)
We previously reported that broad-host-range plasmid RK2 encodes multiple host-lethal kil determinants (kilA, kilB1, kilB2, and kilC) which are controlled by RK2-specified kor functions (korA, korB, and korC). Here we show that kil and kor determinants have significant effects on RK2 replication control. First, korA and korB inhibit the replication of(More)
The quemao (qm) locus of Drosophila melanogaster is characterized by a P-element-associated mutant lacking most of the large bristles on the thorax and by several EMS-induced recessive lethals. quemao was cloned using a transposon tagging strategy. P-element-mediated transformation demonstrated that the cloned qm DNA sequence (from the 65F cytological(More)
The broad-host-range plasmid RK2 encodes three host-lethal kil genes whose actions are controlled by specific kor genes. We have shown previously that the 0' to 5.5' region of RK2 encodes both kilA and korC. Because of the lethal effect of kilA, plasmids with this region cannot be maintained in Escherichia coli unless the RK2 korA gene is also present. To(More)