Csaba Máthé

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The effect of sulfate and phosphate deprivation on cell growth and cylindrospermopsin level was studied in Aphanizomenon ovalisporum ILC-164. Sulfate starvation induced a characteristic reduction of cylindrospermopsin pool size on the basis of cell number and unit of dry mass of culture. Phosphorous starvation of A. ovalisporum cultures induced a lesser(More)
Ageing lung cancer patients may be at increased risk of Cisplatin (Cp) nephrotoxicity, because of comorbidities leading to accelerated ageing of the kidneys. Therefore, the Cp-induced impairement of renal function was compared between no comorbidity (NC) and hypertension plus ischaemic heart disease (CD) patients or others having diabetes mellitus plus(More)
In this study we compared the effects of the two frequently occuring and most dangerous cyanobacterial toxins on the cellular organization of microfilaments, microtubules and on the chromatin structure in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. These compounds are the widely known microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and cylindrospermopsin (CYN) classified as the(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma frequently develops in patients with immune deficiency which may be drug-induced (corticosteroids, immunodepressants). We report a case of Kaposi's sarcoma in a 75-year old man who had been taking oral prednisone continually for 7 years as treatment of severe asthma. Data from the literature clearly show that corticosteroid therapy may(More)
Seedlings of the white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) are sensitive to the cell-free extracts of a toxigenic strain of Microcystis aeruginosa and to microcystin-LR. Fresh mass of plants, plant length, including hypocotyl and root length and lateral root formation is inhibited in microcystin-LR treated seedlings. The decrease of anthocyanin content is obtained in(More)
This present report describes a unique case of a patient with ileal varices revealed by recurrent bleeding from vesical varicosities. Ileal varices were associated with portal hypertension secondary to portal thrombosis. An unusual ileovesical shunt was demonstrated by the venous phase of the superior mesenteric arteriogram. This shunt was favored by(More)
Toxic cyanobacteria are known to produce cyanotoxins, toxic secondary metabolites. In recent years the cylindrospermopsin (tricyclic guanidinyl hydroxymethyluracil)-producing organisms Aphanizomenon ovalisporum, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, and Umezakia natans have been inhabiting polluted fresh waters. Cylindrospermopsin, a potent hepatotoxic(More)
For avoiding the unfavorable environmental conditions several aquatic microorganisms are capable of forming specialized resistance cells like akinets, hypnospores, statospores, etc. Recognition of the important role of cysts in the life cycles of dinoflagellates increased the need to study their role in the ecology of phytoplanktons, and this, combined with(More)
We aimed to study the histological and cytological alterations induced by cylindrospermopsin (CYN), a protein synthesis inhibitory cyanotoxin in roots of common reed (Phragmites australis). Reed is an ecologically important emergent aquatic macrophyte, a model for studying cyanotoxin effects. We analyzed the histology and cytology of reed roots originated(More)
Cyanobacteria produce metabolites with diverse bioactivities, structures and pharmacological properties. The effects of microcystins (MCYs), a family of peptide type protein-phosphatase inhibitors and cylindrospermopsin (CYN), an alkaloid type of protein synthesis blocker will be discussed in this review. We are focusing mainly on cyanotoxin-induced changes(More)