Crystal Y. Usenko

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Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become ubiquitous environmental contaminants with potential for bioaccumulation and maternal-fetal transfer that has led to regulatory bans and/or phasing out of several technical mixtures of PBDEs. In the present study, six PBDE congeners (BDE 28, BDE 47, BDE 99, BDE 100, BDE 153, BDE 183) were evaluated for(More)
There is a pressing need to develop rapid whole animal-based testing assays to assess the potential toxicity of engineered nanomaterials. To meet this challenge, the embryonic zebrafish model was employed to determine the toxicity of fullerenes. Embryonic zebrafish were exposed to graded concentrations of fullerenes [C(60), C(70), and C(60)(OH)(24)] during(More)
The ubiquitous spread of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) has led to concerns regarding the metabolites of these congeners, in particular hydroxylated PBDEs. There are limited studies regarding the biological interactions of these chemicals, yet there is some concern they may be more toxic than their parent compounds. In this study three hydroxylated(More)
Due to its unique physicochemical and optical properties, C60 has raised interest in commercialization for a variety of products. While several reports have determined this nanomaterial to act as a powerful antioxidant, many other studies have demonstrated a strong oxidative potential through photoactivation. To directly address the oxidative potential of(More)
With production and use of carbon nanoparticles increasing, it is imperative that the toxicity of these materials be determined; yet such testing requires specific and selective analytical methodologies that do not yet exist. Quantitative liquid-liquid extraction was coupled with liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for the(More)
The use of zebrafish for high throughput screening (HTS) for chemical bioactivity assessments is becoming routine in the fields of drug discovery and toxicology. Here we report current recommendations from our experiences in zebrafish HTS. We compared the effects of different high throughput chemical delivery methods on nominal water concentration, chemical(More)
A proposed primary pathway through which polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) disrupt normal biological functions is oxidative stress. In the present study, 4 PBDE congeners were evaluated for their potential to initiate oxidative stress in zebrafish during development: BDE 28, BDE 47, BDE 99, and BDE 100. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was used to increase(More)
Embryonic zebrafish were used to compare the uptake and metabolism of six polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners (BDEs 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, and 183) and identified metabolites from static exposures at 24 and 120 h postfertilization (hpf). An inverse relationship was observed between uptake of PBDEs and their octanol-water partitioning coefficients(More)
Crystal Y. Usenko 1,*, Erika L. Abel 1, Aaron Hopkins 1, Gerardo Martinez 1, Jonathan Tijerina 1,3, Molly Kudela 1, Nick Norris 1, Lana Joudeh 1 and Erica D. Bruce 2 1 Department of Biology, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA; (E.L.A.); (A.H.); (G.M.); (M.K.);(More)
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