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  • Influence
The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
Over 20 percent of prison and jail inmates in the United States are currently awaiting trial, but little is known about the impact of pre-trial detention on defendants. This paper uses the detentionExpand
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Racial Bias in Bail Decisions
This paper develops a new test for identifying racial bias in the context of bail decisions - a high-stakes setting with large disparities between white and black defendants. We motivate our analysisExpand
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Local labor markets and criminal recidivism
This paper estimates the impact of local labor market conditions on criminal recidivism using administrative prison records on four million offenders released from 43 states between 2000 and 2013.Expand
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Fear and the Safety Net: Evidence from Secure Communities
This paper studies how changes in deportation fear induced by the roll-out of Secure Communities (SC), a far-reaching immigration enforcement program, affected the demand for safety net programs inExpand
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Judicial Politics and Sentencing Decisions
This paper investigates whether judge political affiliation contributes to racial and gender disparities in sentencing using data on over 500,000 federal defendants linked to sentencing judge.Expand
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Have Inter-Judge Sentencing Disparities Increased in an Advisory Guidelines Regime? Evidence from Booker
The Federal Sentencing Guidelines were promulgated in response to concerns of widespread disparities in sentencing. After almost two decades of determinate sentencing, the Guidelines were renderedExpand
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Consumer Bankruptcy and Financial Health
This paper estimates the effect of Chapter 13 bankruptcy protection on financial health using a new data set linking bankruptcy filings to credit bureau records. Our empirical strategy uses theExpand
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Free at Last? Judicial Discretion and Racial Disparities in Federal Sentencing
The federal sentencing guidelines were created to reduce unwarranted sentencing disparities among similar defendants. This paper explores the impact of increased judicial discretion on racialExpand
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Does Public Assistance Reduce Recidivism?
Under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, individuals convicted of drug-related felonies were permanently banned from receiving welfare and foodExpand
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TOWARD AN OPTIMAL BAIL SYSTEM
Few decisions in the criminal justice process are as consequential as the determination of bail. Indeed, recent empirical research finds that pre-trial detention imposes substantial long-term costsExpand
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