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Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of loss of pigmented dopamine-secreting neurons in the pars compacta of the midbrain substantia nigra. These neurons project to the striatum (putamen and caudate nucleus) and their loss leads to alterations in the activity of the neural circuits that regulate movement. In a simplified model, two dopamine pathways are(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) may be associated with reduced bone mass and higher frequency of osteoporosis. Femoral and spinal bone mineral density (BMD) in 70 ambulatory MS patients (46 females and 24 males) was compared with 100 sex-, age-, and BMI-matched control individuals. BMD was reduced in male patients (lumbar spine 0.976 ± 0.114 g/cm(2) compared with(More)
Meningioma is a common intracranial tumor, originating from the meninges of the skull or spinal canal. Most meningiomas are benign tumors, however atypical or anaplastic tumors can be found in 6% of cases. Patients with asymptomatic small benign meningiomas can be followed without therapy, but in symptomatic patients complete surgical resection should be(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with reduced bone mass and higher frequency of osteoporosis. Although high-dose short-term intravenous glucocorticoid regimens cause a decrease in bone formation, this effect is usually reversible and osteoporosis in MS patients may be independent of the short-term corticosteroid treatment. Clinical evidence suggests an(More)
In gliomas, germline gene alterations play a significant role during malignant transformation of progenitor glial cells, at least for families with occurrence of multiple cancers or with specific hereditary cancer syndromes. Scientific evidence during the last few years has revealed several constitutive genetic abnormalities that may influence glioma(More)
To assess the impact of I-123 ioflupane single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging on classifying patients with striatal dopaminergic deficits. Sixty-one patients with an initial diagnosis of parkinsonism or uncertain tremor disorder were screened and followed-up for one year. All patients were re-examined by two neurologists at our centre(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been linked to both multiple sclerosis (MS) and osteoporosis. We examined the frequency of the Taq-I and Bsm-I polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene in 69 patients with MS and 81 age and sex-matched healthy individuals. Genotyping of Taq-I (rs731236) and Bsm-I (rs1544410) was(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the cardiac toxicity of radiotherapy (RT) in breast cancer (BC) patients employing myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with Tc-99 m Tetrofosmin-single photon emission computer tomography (T-SPECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied 46 BC female patients (28 patients with left and 18 patients with right BC) treated with postoperative RT(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclin D1 plays a major role as a potential contributor to the multistep process of oncogenesis; nevertheless its prognostic significance in colon cancer has already been examined in a few studies and needs to be further delineated. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of cyclin D1 and pRb and to correlate them with tumor(More)
We report a 61-year-old woman who presented because of gradually progressive speech disorders. MRI scan revealed left temporal lobe atrophy with ex vacuo dilatation of the temporal horn and atrophy of the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left inferior parietal lobe. These findings in brain perfusion SPECT corresponded to a generalized hypoperfusion of(More)